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Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Ecological momentary assessment
      Experience sampling method
      Habit
      Level of education
      Snacking
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      311990 All other food manufacturing
    • Abstract:
      Objective: Recent research emphasizes the importance of habit in explaining patterns of energy intake and choices of consumption. However, the nature of the association between habit strength and snacking has not been explored for all types of between-meal snacks.Design: Multilevel linear techniques were used to: (i) examine the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake (kilocalories) from snacks in daily life; and (ii) determine whether gender, age, level of education and BMI moderate the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks. A smartphone application based on the experience sampling method was used to map momentary between-meal snack intake in the context of daily life. Demographics and habit strength were assessed with an online composite questionnaire.Setting: This research was performed in the Netherlands in the natural environment of participants' daily life.Subjects: Adults (n 269) aged 20-50 years.Results: Habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in daily life: the higher the strength of habit to snack between meals, the higher the amount of momentary energy intake from snacks. The association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks was moderated by education level. Additional analyses showed that habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in the low to middle level of education group.Conclusions: It is recommended to address habitual between-meal snacking in future interventions targeting low- to middle-educated individuals. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Public Health Nutrition is the property of Cambridge University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Open University of the Netherlands, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands
      2Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, European Graduate School for Neuroscience, SEARCH, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    • ISSN:
      1368-9800
    • Accession Number:
      10.1017/S1368980018001283
    • Accession Number:
      136806589
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WOUTERS, S. et al. Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education. Public Health Nutrition, [s. l.], v. 21, n. 14, p. 2595–2605, 2018. DOI 10.1017/S1368980018001283. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=136806589. Acesso em: 28 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wouters S, Thewissen V, Duif M, van Bree RJ, Lechner L, Jacobs N. Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education. Public Health Nutrition. 2018;21(14):2595-2605. doi:10.1017/S1368980018001283
    • APA:
      Wouters, S., Thewissen, V., Duif, M., van Bree, R. J., Lechner, L., & Jacobs, N. (2018). Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education. Public Health Nutrition, 21(14), 2595–2605. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018001283
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wouters, Saskia, Viviane Thewissen, Mira Duif, Rob JH van Bree, Lilian Lechner, and Nele Jacobs. 2018. “Habit Strength and Between-Meal Snacking in Daily Life: The Moderating Role of Level of Education.” Public Health Nutrition 21 (14): 2595–2605. doi:10.1017/S1368980018001283.
    • Harvard:
      Wouters, S. et al. (2018) ‘Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education’, Public Health Nutrition, 21(14), pp. 2595–2605. doi: 10.1017/S1368980018001283.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wouters, S, Thewissen, V, Duif, M, van Bree, RJ, Lechner, L & Jacobs, N 2018, ‘Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education’, Public Health Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 14, pp. 2595–2605, viewed 28 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wouters, Saskia, et al. “Habit Strength and Between-Meal Snacking in Daily Life: The Moderating Role of Level of Education.” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 14, Oct. 2018, pp. 2595–2605. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1017/S1368980018001283.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wouters, Saskia, Viviane Thewissen, Mira Duif, Rob JH van Bree, Lilian Lechner, and Nele Jacobs. “Habit Strength and Between-Meal Snacking in Daily Life: The Moderating Role of Level of Education.” Public Health Nutrition 21, no. 14 (October 15, 2018): 2595–2605. doi:10.1017/S1368980018001283.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wouters S, Thewissen V, Duif M, van Bree RJ, Lechner L, Jacobs N. Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education. Public Health Nutrition [Internet]. 2018 Oct 15 [cited 2020 Sep 28];21(14):2595–605. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=136806589