Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Content validity
      Ecological momentary assessment
      Methodological considerations
      Physical activity
      Sedentary behaviour
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      541910 Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling
    • Abstract:
      Background: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a method of collecting real-time data based on repeated measures and observations that take place in participant's daily environment. EMA has many advantages over more traditional, retrospective questionnaires. However, EMA faces some challenges to reach its full potential. The aims of this systematic review are to (1) investigate whether and how content validity of the items (i.e. the specific questions that are part of a larger EMA questionnaire) used in EMA studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour was assessed, and (2) provide an overview of important methodological considerations of EMA in measuring physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Methods: Thirty papers (twenty unique studies) were systematically reviewed and variables were coded and analysed within the following 4 domains: (1) Content validity, (2) Sampling approach, (3) Data input modalities and (4) Degree of EMA completion. Results: Only about half of the studies reported the specific items (n = 12) and the source of the items (n = 11). None of the studies specifically assessed the content validity of the items used. Only a minority (n = 5) of the studies reported any training, and one tested the comprehensibility of the EMA items. A wide variability was found in the design and methodology of the EMA. A minority of the studies (n = 7) reported a rationale for the used prompt frequency, time selection, and monitoring period. Retrospective assessment periods varied from 'now' to 'in the last 3.5 hours'. In some studies there was a possibility to delay (n = 6) or deactivate (n = 10) the prompt, and some provided reminders after the first prompt (n = 9). Conclusions: Almost no EMA studies reported the content validation of the items used. We recommend using the COSMIN checklist (COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments) to report on the content validity of EMA items. Furthermore, as often no rationale was provided for several methodological decisions, the following three recommendations are made. First, provide a rationale for choosing the sampling modalities. Second, to ensure assessment 'in the moment', think carefully about the retrospective assessment period, reminders, and deactivation of the prompt. Third, as high completion rates are important for representativeness of the data and generalizability of the findings, report completion rates. Trial registration: This review is registered in PROSPERO, the International prospective register of systematic reviews (registration number: CRD42017077996). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity is the property of BioMed Central and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
      2Research Foundation Flanders, Brussels, Belgium
      3Department of Clinical-Experimental Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
      4Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
    • Full Text Word Count:
      10707
    • ISSN:
      1479-5868
    • Accession Number:
      10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9
    • Accession Number:
      142141087
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DEGROOTE, L. et al. Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, [s. l.], v. 17, n. 1, p. 1–13, 2020. DOI 10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=142141087. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Degroote L, DeSmet A, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Van Dyck D, Crombez G. Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity. 2020;17(1):1-13. doi:10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9
    • APA:
      Degroote, L., DeSmet, A., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Dyck, D., & Crombez, G. (2020). Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 17(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Degroote, L., A. DeSmet, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, D. Van Dyck, and G. Crombez. 2020. “Content Validity and Methodological Considerations in Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour: A Systematic Review.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity 17 (1): 1–13. doi:10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9.
    • Harvard:
      Degroote, L. et al. (2020) ‘Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review’, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 17(1), pp. 1–13. doi: 10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Degroote, L, DeSmet, A, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Van Dyck, D & Crombez, G 2020, ‘Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review’, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–13, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Degroote, L., et al. “Content Validity and Methodological Considerations in Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour: A Systematic Review.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, vol. 17, no. 1, Mar. 2020, pp. 1–13. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Degroote, L., A. DeSmet, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, D. Van Dyck, and G. Crombez. “Content Validity and Methodological Considerations in Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour: A Systematic Review.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity 17, no. 1 (March 10, 2020): 1–13. doi:10.1186/s12966-020-00932-9.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Degroote L, DeSmet A, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Van Dyck D, Crombez G. Content validity and methodological considerations in ecological momentary assessment studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity [Internet]. 2020 Mar 10 [cited 2020 Sep 26];17(1):1–13. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=142141087