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Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm.

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  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is a transdiagnostic process and a promising target for prevention and treatment of mental disorders. RNT is typically assessed via self-report questionnaires with most studies focusing on one type of RNT (i.e., worry or rumination) and one specific disorder (i.e., anxiety or depression). However, responses to such questionnaires may be biased by memory and metacognitive beliefs. Recently, Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) has been employed to minimize these biases. This study aims to develop an EMA paradigm to measure RNT as a transdiagnostic process in natural settings. Based on empirical and theoretical considerations, an item pool was created encompassing RNT content and processes. We then (1) tested model fit of a content-related and a process-related model for assessing RNT as an individual difference variable, (2) investigated the reliability and construct validity of the proposed scale(s), and (3) determined the optimal sampling design. One hundred fifty healthy participants aged 18 to 40 years filled out baseline questionnaires on rumination, worry, RNT, symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. Participants received 8 semi-random daily prompts assessing RNT over 14 days. After the EMA phase, participants answered questionnaires on depression, anxiety, and stress again. Multilevel confirmatory factor analysis revealed excellent model fit for the process-related model but unsatisfactory fit for the content-related model. Different hybrid models were additionally explored, yielding one model with satisfactory fit. Both the process-related and the hybrid scale showed good reliability and good convergent validity and were significantly associated with symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress after the EMA phase when controlling for baseline scores. Further analyses found that a sampling design of 5 daily assessments across 10 days yielded the best tradeoff between participant burden and information retained by EMA. In sum, this paper presents a promising paradigm for assessing RNT in daily life. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Psychology, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany
      2Mood Disorders Centre, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    • Full Text Word Count:
      9116
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0231783
    • Accession Number:
      142818359
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ROSENKRANZ, T. et al. Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 15, n. 4, p. 1–17, 2020. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0231783. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=142818359. Acesso em: 20 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rosenkranz T, Takano K, Watkins ER, Ehring T. Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(4):1-17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0231783
    • APA:
      Rosenkranz, T., Takano, K., Watkins, E. R., & Ehring, T. (2020). Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm. PLoS ONE, 15(4), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231783
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rosenkranz, Tabea, Keisuke Takano, Edward R. Watkins, and Thomas Ehring. 2020. “Assessing Repetitive Negative Thinking in Daily Life: Development of an Ecological Momentary Assessment Paradigm.” PLoS ONE 15 (4): 1–17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0231783.
    • Harvard:
      Rosenkranz, T. et al. (2020) ‘Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm’, PLoS ONE, 15(4), pp. 1–17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0231783.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rosenkranz, T, Takano, K, Watkins, ER & Ehring, T 2020, ‘Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm’, PLoS ONE, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1–17, viewed 20 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rosenkranz, Tabea, et al. “Assessing Repetitive Negative Thinking in Daily Life: Development of an Ecological Momentary Assessment Paradigm.” PLoS ONE, vol. 15, no. 4, Apr. 2020, pp. 1–17. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0231783.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rosenkranz, Tabea, Keisuke Takano, Edward R. Watkins, and Thomas Ehring. “Assessing Repetitive Negative Thinking in Daily Life: Development of an Ecological Momentary Assessment Paradigm.” PLoS ONE 15, no. 4 (April 20, 2020): 1–17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0231783.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rosenkranz T, Takano K, Watkins ER, Ehring T. Assessing repetitive negative thinking in daily life: Development of an ecological momentary assessment paradigm. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2020 Apr 20 [cited 2020 Sep 20];15(4):1–17. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=142818359