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In vitro metabolism of mifepristone (RU-486) in rat, monkey and human hepatic S9 fractions: identification of three new mifepristone metabolites.

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    • Abstract:
      1. In vitro metabolism of the antiprogestin drug mifepristone (RU-486) was studied after incubation with rat, monkey and human hepatic S9 fractions in the presence of an NADPH-generating system. 2. Unchanged mifepristone (~45% of the sample(s) in rat; ~70% in monkey; ~65% in human) plus six metabolites, three known and three new, were profiled, quantified and tentatively identified on the basis of MS and MS/MS data. 3. The proposed metabolic pathways for mifepristone are proposed, and the two metabolic steps are (A) N-demethylation and (B) methyl oxidation. 4. Step A formed N-desmethyl mifepristone (M1) in major amounts (~35% s in rat, 16% in monkey and human) and N,N-didesmethyl mifepristone (M2) in minor amounts (< 5% s in all species). Step B, or in conjunction with step A, produced four minor trace metabolites, namely hydroxymethyl mifepristone (M3), hydroxymethyl M1 (M4), hydroxymethyl M2 (M5) and formyl mifepristone (M6). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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