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Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables.

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  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      The nature of drug craving and its role in the addictive process is a contentious issue in the addiction sciences. There are numerous disputes regarding the definition, assessment, manipulation and interpretation of craving, and progress toward resolving the enigmas of craving confronts numerous conceptual and methodological challenges. Greater attention to certain fundamental principles of measurement and manipulation should generate immediate and substantial improvements in efforts to understand and control alcohol craving. This paper provides suggestions for enhancing the measurement of self-reported alcohol craving and improving the manipulation of alcohol craving under controlled laboratory conditions. With regard to measurement, single-item scales commonly employed in craving research tend to be handicapped by limited reliability and validity. Multi-item craving scales are more likely to provide the accuracy required to accurately discriminate between different levels of craving across individuals or across different settings. Conceptual and practical considerations for the selection of multi-item craving instruments are discussed. With regard to the manipulation of alcohol craving in the laboratory, recent meta-analyses suggest that alcohol craving effects in such research may be relatively weaker than craving effects found in similar research with other addicts. Therefore, laboratory-based investigations into the nature of alcohol craving should utilize procedures and assessments that are particularly sensitive to the detection of alcohol craving. This paper offers methodological recommendations for enhancing the magnitude of alcohol craving effects generated in laboratory research. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Addiction is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Full Text Word Count:
      5724
    • ISSN:
      0965-2140
    • Accession Number:
      10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x
    • Accession Number:
      4139754
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TIFFANY, S. T.; CARTER, B. L.; SINGLETON, E. G. Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables. Addiction, [s. l.], v. 95, p. S177–S187, 2000. DOI 10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=4139754. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Tiffany ST, Carter BL, Singleton EG. Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables. Addiction. 2000;95:S177-S187. doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x
    • APA:
      Tiffany, S. T., Carter, B. L., & Singleton, E. G. (2000). Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables. Addiction, 95, S177–S187. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Tiffany, Stephen T., Brian L. Carter, and Edward G. Singleton. 2000. “Challenges in the Manipulation, Assessment and Interpretation of Craving Relevant Variables.” Addiction 95 (August): S177–87. doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x.
    • Harvard:
      Tiffany, S. T., Carter, B. L. and Singleton, E. G. (2000) ‘Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables’, Addiction, 95, pp. S177–S187. doi: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Tiffany, ST, Carter, BL & Singleton, EG 2000, ‘Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables’, Addiction, vol. 95, pp. S177–S187, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Tiffany, Stephen T., et al. “Challenges in the Manipulation, Assessment and Interpretation of Craving Relevant Variables.” Addiction, vol. 95, Aug. 2000, pp. S177–S187. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Tiffany, Stephen T., Brian L. Carter, and Edward G. Singleton. “Challenges in the Manipulation, Assessment and Interpretation of Craving Relevant Variables.” Addiction 95 (August 10, 2000): S177–87. doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.7.x.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Tiffany ST, Carter BL, Singleton EG. Challenges in the manipulation, assessment and interpretation of craving relevant variables. Addiction [Internet]. 2000 Aug 10 [cited 2020 Sep 26];95:S177–87. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=4139754