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Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use.

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  • Author(s): Beckjord, Ellen; Shiffman, Saul
  • Source:
    Alcohol Research: Current Reviews. 2014, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p9-18. 10p. 1 Chart.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      alcohol use disorders
      Alcohol use, abuse, and dependence
      drinking behavior
      ecological momentary assessment (EMA)
      ecological momentary intervention (EMI)
      electronic health technology
      intervention
      mobile devices
      real-time assessment
      real-time intervention
      risk factors
      technology
      telecommunication
    • Abstract:
      Real-time assessment, known as ecological momentary assessment (EMA), and real-time intervention (ecological momentary intervention [EMI]) can significantly extend the reach and impact of interventions to help individuals reduce their drinking behavior. For EMA, the user provides information on the variable of interest (e.g., drinking or craving) via a mobile device. This data reporting can occur either at prespecified times or in certain high-risk situations. The primary benefits of EMA include external validity, minimized recall bias, and the ability to capture dynamic patterns in human behavior. EMI refers to interventions that are delivered via mobile devices at the time when the user needs it (i.e., in a high-risk situation). Key constructs of EMI are what interventions are delivered and when they are delivered. The timing of the EMI often is determined by the user's EMA reports. Both EMA and EMI have been studied in people with alcohol use disorders. EMA and EMI often are used in conjunction with each other because EMA can help inform the optimal timing of EMI and help tailor its content. Further development of high-impact, algorithm-driven, technology-mediated real-time intervention may help reduce drinking and promote positive health behavior change. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
      Copyright of Alcohol Research: Current Reviews is the property of National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      2168-3492
    • Accession Number:
      102711040
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BECKJORD, E.; SHIFFMAN, S. Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, [s. l.], v. 36, n. 1, p. 9–18, 2014. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040. Acesso em: 22 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Beckjord E, Shiffman S. Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews. 2014;36(1):9-18. Accessed September 22, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040
    • APA:
      Beckjord, E., & Shiffman, S. (2014). Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 36(1), 9–18.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Beckjord, Ellen, and Saul Shiffman. 2014. “Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use.” Alcohol Research: Current Reviews 36 (1): 9–18. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040.
    • Harvard:
      Beckjord, E. and Shiffman, S. (2014) ‘Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use’, Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 36(1), pp. 9–18. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040 (Accessed: 22 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Beckjord, E & Shiffman, S 2014, ‘Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use’, Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 9–18, viewed 22 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Beckjord, Ellen, and Saul Shiffman. “Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use.” Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, vol. 36, no. 1, Jan. 2014, pp. 9–18. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Beckjord, Ellen, and Saul Shiffman. “Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use.” Alcohol Research: Current Reviews 36, no. 1 (January 2014): 9–18. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Beckjord E, Shiffman S. Background for Real-Time Monitoring and Intervention Related to Alcohol Use. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews [Internet]. 2014 Jan [cited 2020 Sep 22];36(1):9–18. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=102711040