Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose/Objectives: To test the feasibility and acceptability of an individualized representational intervention to improve symptom management (IRIS) in older breast cancer survivors and test the short-term effects of an IRIS on symptom distress.Design: Two small randomized clinical trials and one pre-experimental study.Setting: Oncology clinic and community.Sample: 41 women with breast cancer (aged 65 years and older) in pilot study 1, 20 in pilot study 2, and 21 in pilot study 3.Methods: In pilot study 1, women were randomized to the IRIS or usual care control. In pilot study 2, women were randomized to the IRIS or delayed IRIS (wait list) control. In pilot study 3, all women received the IRIS by telephone. Measures were collected at baseline, postintervention, and follow-up (up to four months).Main Research Variables: Feasibility, acceptability, symptom distress, symptom management behaviors, symptom management barriers, and quality of life.Findings: Across three pilot studies, 76% of eligible women participated, 95% completed the study, 88% reported the study was helpful, and 91% were satisfied with the study. Some measures of symptom distress decreased significantly after the IRIS, but quality of life was stable. Women in the IRIS group changed their symptom management behaviors more than controls.Conclusions: Preliminary evidence supports the need for and feasibility of an IRIS.Implications for Nursing: Nurses may help older breast cancer survivors manage their numerous chronic symptoms more effectively by assessing women's beliefs about their symptoms and their current symptom management strategies. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
      Copyright of Oncology Nursing Forum is the property of Oncology Nursing Society and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0190-535X
    • DOI:
      10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143
    • Accession Number:
      38594865
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HEIDRICH, S. M. et al. An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies. Oncology Nursing Forum, [s. l.], v. 36, n. 3, p. E133–E143, 2009. DOI 10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=38594865. Acesso em: 27 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Heidrich SM, Brown RL, Egan JJ, et al. An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies. Oncology Nursing Forum. 2009;36(3):E133-E143. doi:10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143
    • APA:
      Heidrich, S. M., Brown, R. L., Egan, J. J., Perez, O. A., Phelan, C. H., Yeom, H., & Ward, S. E. (2009). An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies. Oncology Nursing Forum, 36(3), E133–E143. https://doi.org/10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Heidrich, Susan M., Roger L. Brown, Judith J. Egan, Oscar A. Perez, Cynthia H. Phelan, Hyune Yeom, and Sandra E. Ward. 2009. “An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies.” Oncology Nursing Forum 36 (3): E133–43. doi:10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143.
    • Harvard:
      Heidrich, S. M. et al. (2009) ‘An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies’, Oncology Nursing Forum, 36(3), pp. E133–E143. doi: 10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Heidrich, SM, Brown, RL, Egan, JJ, Perez, OA, Phelan, CH, Yeom, H & Ward, SE 2009, ‘An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies’, Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. E133–E143, viewed 27 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Heidrich, Susan M., et al. “An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies.” Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 36, no. 3, May 2009, pp. E133–E143. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Heidrich, Susan M., Roger L. Brown, Judith J. Egan, Oscar A. Perez, Cynthia H. Phelan, Hyune Yeom, and Sandra E. Ward. “An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies.” Oncology Nursing Forum 36, no. 3 (May 2009): E133–43. doi:10.1188/09.ONF.E133-E143.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Heidrich SM, Brown RL, Egan JJ, Perez OA, Phelan CH, Yeom H, et al. An Individualized Representational Intervention to Improve Symptom Management (IRIS) in Older Breast Cancer Survivors: Three Pilot Studies. Oncology Nursing Forum [Internet]. 2009 May [cited 2020 Sep 27];36(3):E133–43. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=38594865