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Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      adolescents
      computer
      ecological momentary assessment
      obesity
      television
      video games
    • Abstract:
      OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how characteristics of young adolescents' screen media use are associated with their BMI. By examining relationships between BMI and both time spent using each of 3 screen media and level of attention allocated to use, we sought to contribute to the understanding of mechanisms linking media use and obesity. METHODS: We measured heights and weights of 91 13-to 15-year-olds and calculated their BMIs. Over 1 week, participants completed a weekday and a Saturday 24-hour time-use diary in which they reported the amount of time they spent using TV, computers, and video games. Participants carried handheld computers and responded to 4 to 7 random signals per day by completing onscreen questionnaires reporting activities to which they were paying primary, secondary, and tertiary attention. RESULTS: Higher proportions of primary attention to TV were positively associated with higher BMI. The difference between 25th and 75th per- centiles of attention to TV corresponded to an estimated +2.4 BMI points. Time spent watching television was unrelated to BMI. Neither duration of use nor extent of attention paid to video games or computers was associated with BMI. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that attention to TV is a key element of the increased obesity risk associated with TV viewing. Mechanisms may include the influence of TV commercials on preferences for energy-dense, nutritionally questionable foods and/or eating while distracted by TV. Interventions that interrupt these processes may be effective in decreasing obesity among screen media users. Pediatrics 2013;131:935-941 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
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    • ISSN:
      0031-4005
    • DOI:
      10.1542/peds.2012-1197
    • Accession Number:
      87504310
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BICKHAM, D. S. et al. Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics, [s. l.], v. 131, n. 5, p. 935–941, 2013. DOI 10.1542/peds.2012-1197. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=87504310. Acesso em: 4 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Bickham DS, Blood EA, Walls CE, Shrier LA, Rich M. Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2013;131(5):935-941. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1197
    • APA:
      Bickham, D. S., Blood, E. A., Walls, C. E., Shrier, L. A., & Rich, M. (2013). Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics, 131(5), 935–941. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-1197
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Bickham, David S., Emily A. Blood, Courtney E. Walls, Lydia A. Shrier, and Michael Rich. 2013. “Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents.” Pediatrics 131 (5): 935–41. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1197.
    • Harvard:
      Bickham, D. S. et al. (2013) ‘Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents’, Pediatrics, 131(5), pp. 935–941. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-1197.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Bickham, DS, Blood, EA, Walls, CE, Shrier, LA & Rich, M 2013, ‘Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents’, Pediatrics, vol. 131, no. 5, pp. 935–941, viewed 4 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Bickham, David S., et al. “Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents.” Pediatrics, vol. 131, no. 5, May 2013, pp. 935–941. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1197.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Bickham, David S., Emily A. Blood, Courtney E. Walls, Lydia A. Shrier, and Michael Rich. “Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents.” Pediatrics 131, no. 5 (May 2013): 935–41. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1197.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Bickham DS, Blood EA, Walls CE, Shrier LA, Rich M. Characteristics of Screen Media Use Associated With Higher BMI in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2013 May [cited 2020 Dec 4];131(5):935–41. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=87504310