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Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial

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  • Source:
    BMC psychiatry 2016 16 1, 359 (359) Published by: BioMed Central Ltd. (E-mail: [email protected]) United Kingdom
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH, Riper H
    • Contact Information:
      W. van Ballegooijen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Section Clinical Psychology, Van der Boechorststraat 1, Amsterdam 1081 BT, Netherlands. E-mail: [email protected]
    • Language:
      English
    • Publication Type:
      Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Record Status:
      This record is updated this issue.
    • Abstract:
      BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) of mental health symptoms may influence the symptoms that it measures, i.e. assessment reactivity. In the field of depression, EMA reactivity has received little attention. We aim to investigate whether EMA of depressive symptoms induces assessment reactivity. Reactivity will be operationalised as an effect of EMA on depressive symptoms measured by a retrospective questionnaire, and, secondly, as a change in response rate and variance of the EMA ratings.METHODS: This study is a 12-week randomised controlled trial comprising three groups: group 1 carries out EMA of mood and completes a retrospective questionnaire, group 2 carries out EMA of how energetic they feel and completes a retrospective questionnaire, group 3 is the control group, which completes only the retrospective questionnaire. The retrospective questionnaire (Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale; CES-D) assesses depressive symptoms and is administered at baseline, 6 weeks after baseline and 12 weeks after baseline. We aim to recruit 160 participants who experience mild to moderate depressive symptoms, defined as a Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score of 5 to 15. This study is powered to detect a small between-groups effect, where no clinically relevant effect is defined as the effect size margin -0.25DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate whether self-rated EMA of depressive symptoms could induce assessment reactivity among mildly depressed individuals.TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR5803. Registered 12 April 2016. http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=5803 .
    • EMBASE keywords:
      article; Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; controlled study; *depression; *depression assessment; *ecological momentary assessment; human; *mobile application; Patient Health Questionnaire 9; randomized controlled trial; randomized controlled trial (topic); self monitoring; smartphone; symptom assessment; control group; controlled clinical trial; effect size; major clinical study; *mood; Netherlands; registration; *sampling; *smartphone
      Adult
      Female
      Humans
      Male
      Ecological Momentary Assessment
      Netherlands
      Research Design
      Retrospective Studies
      Smartphone
      Surveys and Questionnaires
      Depressive Disorder/*diagnosis
      Depressive Disorder/*psychology
    • Accession Number:
      612833393
    • Source:
      This document should be cited as: van Ballegooijen W Ruwaard J Karyotaki E Ebert DD Smit JH Riper H. Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial 2016 (The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR/CENTRAL). DOI: 10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5. Oxford: Update Software. Updated quarterly.
    • Accession Number:
      CN-01379353
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VAN BALLEGOOIJEN W et al. Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC psychiatry, [s. l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 359, 2016. DOI 10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cgh&AN=CN-01379353. Acesso em: 19 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH, Riper H. Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC psychiatry. 2016;16(1):359. doi:10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5
    • APA:
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH, & Riper H. (2016). Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), 359. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH, and Riper H. 2016. “Reactivity to Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Depressive Symptoms (MoodMonitor): Protocol of a Randomised Controlled Trial.” BMC Psychiatry 16 (1): 359. doi:10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5.
    • Harvard:
      van Ballegooijen W et al. (2016) ‘Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial’, BMC psychiatry, 16(1), p. 359. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH & Riper H 2016, ‘Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial’, BMC psychiatry, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 359, viewed 19 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      van Ballegooijen W, et al. “Reactivity to Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Depressive Symptoms (MoodMonitor): Protocol of a Randomised Controlled Trial.” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 16, no. 1, Jan. 2016, p. 359. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH, and Riper H. “Reactivity to Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Depressive Symptoms (MoodMonitor): Protocol of a Randomised Controlled Trial.” BMC Psychiatry 16, no. 1 (January 1, 2016): 359. doi:10.1186/s12888-016-1065-5.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      van Ballegooijen W, Ruwaard J, Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Smit JH, Riper H. Reactivity to smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of depressive symptoms (MoodMonitor): protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC psychiatry [Internet]. 2016 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Sep 19];16(1):359. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cgh&AN=CN-01379353