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Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study

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  • Source:
    Addictive behaviors 2018 83, 142 (142-147)
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, Lammers JP, Okuyemi KS, Izmirlian G, Waters AJ
    • Language:
      English
    • Publication Type:
      Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    • Record Status:
      This record is this issue.
    • Abstract:
      INTRODUCTION: Many African Americans live in communities with a disproportionately high density of tobacco advertisements compared to Whites. Some research indicates that point-of-sale advertising is associated with impulse purchases of cigarettes and smoking. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) can be used to examine associations between tobacco advertisement exposure and smoking variables in the natural environment.METHODS: Non-treatment seeking African American smokers were given a mobile device for 2weeks (N=56). They were prompted four times per day and responded to questions about recent exposure to tobacco advertisements. Participants were also asked to indicate the number of cigarettes smoked, and if they made any purchase, or an impulse purchase, since the last assessment. Linear mixed models (LMMs) analyzed between- and within-subject associations between exposure and outcomes.RESULTS: Participants reported seeing at least one advertisement on 33% of assessments. Of those assessments, they reported seeing menthol advertisements on 87% of assessments. Between-subject analyses revealed that participants who on average saw more advertisements were generally more likely to report purchasing cigarettes and to purchase cigarettes on impulse. Within-subject analyses revealed that when an individual participant reported seeing more advertisements than usual they were more likely to have reported purchasing cigarettes, making an impulse purchase and smoking more cigarettes during the same period, but not the subsequent time period.CONCLUSIONS: Many African American smokers are frequently exposed to pro-tobacco marketing. Advertisement exposure is cross-sectionally associated with impulse purchases and smoking. Future research should assess prospective associations in more detail.
    • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
      Adult
      Aged
      Female
      Humans
      Male
      Middle Aged
      Young Adult
      Adolescent
      African Americans/psychology
      District of Columbia/epidemiology
      Ecological Momentary Assessment
      Smokers/psychology
      Smoking/psychology
      Advertising as Topic/*statistics & numerical data
      African Americans/*statistics & numerical data
      Smokers/*statistics & numerical data
      Smoking/*epidemiology
      Tobacco Products/*statistics & numerical data
    • Source:
      This document should be cited as: Robinson CD Muench C Brede E Endrighi R Szeto EH Sells JR Lammers JP Okuyemi KS Izmirlian G Waters AJ. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study 2018 (The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR/CENTRAL). DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015. Oxford: Update Software. Updated quarterly.
    • Accession Number:
      CN-01991724
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ROBINSON CD et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive behaviors, [s. l.], v. 83, p. 142–147, 2018. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cgh&AN=CN-01991724. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive behaviors. 2018;83:142-147. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • APA:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, Lammers JP, Okuyemi KS, Izmirlian G, & Waters AJ. (2018). Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive Behaviors, 83, 142–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, Lammers JP, Okuyemi KS, Izmirlian G, and Waters AJ. 2018. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 83 (January): 142–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Harvard:
      Robinson CD et al. (2018) ‘Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study’, Addictive behaviors, 83, pp. 142–147. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, Lammers JP, Okuyemi KS, Izmirlian G & Waters AJ 2018, ‘Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study’, Addictive behaviors, vol. 83, pp. 142–147, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Robinson CD, et al. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 83, Jan. 2018, pp. 142–147. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, Lammers JP, Okuyemi KS, Izmirlian G, and Waters AJ. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 83 (January 1, 2018): 142–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: an ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive behaviors [Internet]. 2018 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Sep 26];83:142–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cgh&AN=CN-01991724