Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

Severe periodontitis may influence cementum and dental pulp through inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Source:
    Journal of Periodontology. Nov2019, Vol. 90 Issue 11, p1297-1306. 10p.
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: The relationship between chronic periodontitis and pulpal/cemental changes is seldom reported. This study aimed to report on the microstructural changes of cementum and histopathological features of the dental pulp in teeth with severe chronic periodontitis.Methods: Eighty molar teeth with severe chronic periodontitis and 50 extracted third molars (as normal controls) were collected. The microstructure of cementum was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, and the pulp was stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-1β levels were examined by immunohistochemistry/western blotting. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD 1) levels were also checked. Caspase 3 expression and terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining were used as apoptotic indices, and LC3B and P62 were detected to demonstrate the level of autophagy.Results: The surface of cementum showed irregularities; the dental pulp was inflamed and under oxidative stress. IL-17 and IL-1β levels were increased in the pulp of teeth with periodontitis. ROS and apoptosis levels were higher than in normal dental pulp, while SOD 1 level was reduced. Intriguingly, autophagy markers LC3B and P62 were upregulated in the pulp obtained from teeth with periodontitis.Conclusions: Severe chronic periodontitis influenced the microstructure of both cementum and dental pulp. The dental pulp collected from teeth with periodontitis was inflamed, under oxidative stress, and presented increased levels of apoptosis and autophagy relative to normal dental pulp. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]