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Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program.

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2019
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Identity
      illness
      outdoor program
      recreation experience
      youth
    • Abstract:
      Many recreational youth programs aim to provide opportunities for psychosocial identity exploration. Identity exploration contains process-specific components involving self-discovery and self-construction (Schwartz, Kurtines, & Montgomery, 2005). Selfdiscovery is the intuitive sense of fit between identity alternatives and one's authentic self. Self-discovery involves emotionally focused strategies (e.g., challenging or flowproducing experiences) to encourage individuals to identify their unique potentials and formulate corresponding goals and ideals (Schwartz et al., 2005). Self-construction is the rational consideration of externally presented identity alternatives. Self-construction utilizes cognitively focused strategies such as problem solving and decisionmaking skills to sort through externally presented options to select the most favorable one (Berman, Schwartz, Kurtines, & Berman, 2001; Schwartz et al., 2005). While youth programs could be effective mechanisms through which self-discovery and self-construction processes develop, it is unclear how these processes might manifest at different phases of the program experience. Addressing this gap, this study examined identity exploration (e.g., self-discovery and self-construction) during the three stages (anticipation, participation, and reflection) of a youth camp program experience. Participants were 42 youth living with seri-ous illnesses and healthy siblings of youth with serious illnesses, aged 16-18, participating in a week-long residential outdoor camp program. Participants completed the "I Am Poem," a tool for soliciting self-described identity narratives, at the beginning and end of the camp program, and again four to five months later. Thematic analysis generated themes and patterns from the data over three time points. Results showed at the beginning of the program, participants exhibited positive self-regard, angst, hopefulness, desire to connect, and program-related nervousness. At the end of the program, participants exhibited powerfulness, feelings of connection to others, concern about returning from the program, discomfort, and peacefulness. Four to five months after the program, participants exhibited stress, looking toward the future, reminiscing, and contentment. Further, program-related themes revealed a desire to maximize the experience at the beginning, concern about returning home at the end of the program, and nostalgia for the program for some participants several months later. Findings suggest youth program providers should be more attuned to the anticipation and reflection phases of the program experience for their potential in fostering the development of self-discovery and self-construction processes among youth with illnesses and their siblings. This study provides an identity-based recreation program model and suggests self-discovery and self-construction program design elements that can be applied in youth recreational programs to propel identity development outcomes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Park & Recreation Administration is the property of Sagamore Publishing and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      07351968
    • Accession Number:
      138334222
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GILLARD, A.; HARTMAN, C. L.; CRAIG, P. J. Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, [s. l.], v. 37, n. 3, p. 34, 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Gillard A, Hartman CL, Craig PJ. Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration. 2019;37(3):34. Accessed November 30, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222
    • APA:
      Gillard, A., Hartman, C. L., & Craig, P. J. (2019). Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 37(3), 34.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Gillard, Ann, Cindy L. Hartman, and Patti J. Craig. 2019. “Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program.” Journal of Park & Recreation Administration 37 (3): 34. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222.
    • Harvard:
      Gillard, A., Hartman, C. L. and Craig, P. J. (2019) ‘Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program’, Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 37(3), p. 34. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222 (Accessed: 30 November 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Gillard, A, Hartman, CL & Craig, PJ 2019, ‘Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program’, Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, vol. 37, no. 3, p. 34, viewed 30 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Gillard, Ann, et al. “Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program.” Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, vol. 37, no. 3, June 2019, p. 34. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Gillard, Ann, Cindy L. Hartman, and Patti J. Craig. “Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program.” Journal of Park & Recreation Administration 37, no. 3 (June 2019): 34. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Gillard A, Hartman CL, Craig PJ. Fostering Adolescent Identity Exploration across the Three Phases of a Camp Program. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2020 Nov 30];37(3):34. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138334222