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Causal Attributions by Athletes: Role of Ego Involvement.

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    • Abstract:
      Causal attributions for poor performance were explored. Male athletes specializing in one of three track-and-field events'jumping, sprinting, or throwing'read a vignette about another jumper, sprinter, or thrower who performed below expectations, and a fourth vignette about a pole vaulter who performed above expectations. After each vignette, subjects were asked to list three factors that contributed to the performance of the target person. It was predicted that when the ego involvement of subjects was high (rating an athlete from their own specialty area), they would be more likely to make situational attributions than when their ego involvement was low (rating an athlete from another specialty area). This prediction was generally supported. Subjects also made more dispositional attributions for the successful performance than for the unsuccessful one. It is suggested that knowledge of the role played by ego involvement in attributions would help coaches maintain group morale. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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