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A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, 120 South 8th Street, Fargo, ND 58103, USA
      b University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, ND, USA
      c Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
      d Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    • Keywords:
      Anorexia nervosa
      Body checking
      Dietary restriction
      Ecological momentary assessment
    • Abstract:
      Body checking has been conceptualized as a behavioral manifestation of the core overvaluation of eating, shape, and weight concerns underlying eating disorder psychopathology. Cognitive-behavioral theories suggest that body checking behaviors may function to maintain dietary restriction. The current study examined the association between body checking frequency and dietary restriction among women with anorexia nervosa (AN) in the natural environment. Women (N = 118) with full or partial AN completed baseline clinical interviews and a two-week ecological momentary assessment protocol, during which they reported on body checking behaviors (i.e., checking whether one's thighs touch; checking joints/bones for fat) and dietary restriction (i.e., 8 waking hours without eating; consuming less than 1200 calories per day). Average daily body checking frequency was positively associated with baseline eating disorder symptoms and body mass index. Daily body checking frequency was associated with both forms of dietary restriction on the same day, as well as the following day. Results support the theorized association between body checking and overvaluation of shape and weight, and suggest that targeting such behaviors in treatment may have utility in reducing dietary restriction.
    • ISSN:
      0005-7967
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004
    • Accession Number:
      S0005796713000922
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LAVENDER, J. M. et al. A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Research and Therapy, [s. l.], v. 51, n. 8, p. 507–511, 2013. DOI 10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0005796713000922. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Lavender JM, Wonderlich SA, Crosby RD, et al. A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2013;51(8):507-511. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004
    • APA:
      Lavender, J. M., Wonderlich, S. A., Crosby, R. D., Engel, S. G., Mitchell, J. E., Crow, S., Peterson, C. B., & Le Grange, D. (2013). A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51(8), 507–511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lavender, Jason M., Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott Crow, Carol B. Peterson, and Daniel Le Grange. 2013. “A Naturalistic Examination of Body Checking and Dietary Restriction in Women with Anorexia Nervosa.” Behaviour Research and Therapy 51 (8): 507–11. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004.
    • Harvard:
      Lavender, J. M. et al. (2013) ‘A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa’, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51(8), pp. 507–511. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lavender, JM, Wonderlich, SA, Crosby, RD, Engel, SG, Mitchell, JE, Crow, S, Peterson, CB & Le Grange, D 2013, ‘A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa’, Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 507–511, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Lavender, Jason M., et al. “A Naturalistic Examination of Body Checking and Dietary Restriction in Women with Anorexia Nervosa.” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 51, no. 8, Aug. 2013, pp. 507–511. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lavender, Jason M., Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott Crow, Carol B. Peterson, and Daniel Le Grange. “A Naturalistic Examination of Body Checking and Dietary Restriction in Women with Anorexia Nervosa.” Behaviour Research and Therapy 51, no. 8 (August 1, 2013): 507–11. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.004.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lavender JM, Wonderlich SA, Crosby RD, Engel SG, Mitchell JE, Crow S, et al. A naturalistic examination of body checking and dietary restriction in women with anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Research and Therapy [Internet]. 2013 Aug 1 [cited 2020 Sep 26];51(8):507–11. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0005796713000922