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The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders

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  • Author(s): Oliveira, J. a, b, ⁎; Cordás, T.A. a, b, c
  • Source:
    In L'Encéphale August 2020 46(4):269-282
  • Publication Information:
    Elsevier Masson SAS
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Eating Disorders Program (AMBULIM/PROTAD), Institute of Psychiatry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
      b School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
      c Institute of Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    • Keywords:
      Food craving
      Eating disorders
      Binge eating disorder
      Bulimia nervosa
      Anorexia nervosa
    • Abstract:
      Background Food Craving (FC) is a construct influenced by cognitive, emotional, physiological and external components, severely altered in Eating Disorders (EDs).
    • Abstract:
      Methods A search was conducted (PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO databases) for studies that have investigated FC in EDs published in the last thirty years.
    • Abstract:
      Results The studies found (n=37) demonstrated that FC is a predictor of binge eating in individuals with Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder, which are more sensitive to the environment and emotional factors, whereas, in individuals with Anorexia Nervosa, FC levels are lower.
    • Abstract:
      Discussion FC is a physiological component of eating behavior, as well as the craving/urge that arises associated with thirst during dehydration, and food restriction is a crucial mechanism for the restriction-binge cycle to hold. Further studies are needed to see if FC increases in response to treatment for Anorexia Nervosa, recognizing that individuals without Anorexia Nervosa have higher FC levels and greater motivational orientation towards food.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions It is necessary to understand the physiological role of FC and also consider the significance of each food in an individual eating context (eating attitudes) and whether it is treated like a “drug” or just as a desired tasty food and future studies should verify possible neural changes involved in FC after nutritional treatment.
    • ISSN:
      0013-7006
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003
    • Accession Number:
      S0013700620300300
    • Copyright:
      © 2020 L'Encéphale, Paris.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      OLIVEIRA, J.; CORDÁS, T. A. The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders. L’Encéphale, [s. l.], v. 46, n. 4, p. 269–282, 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0013700620300300. Acesso em: 27 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Oliveira J, Cordás TA. The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders. L’Encéphale. 2020;46(4):269-282. doi:10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003
    • APA:
      Oliveira, J., & Cordás, T. A. (2020). The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders. L’Encéphale, 46(4), 269–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Oliveira, J., and T.A. Cordás. 2020. “The Body Asks and the Mind Judges: Food Cravings in Eating Disorders.” L’Encéphale 46 (4): 269–82. doi:10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003.
    • Harvard:
      Oliveira, J. and Cordás, T. A. (2020) ‘The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders’, L’Encéphale, 46(4), pp. 269–282. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Oliveira, J & Cordás, TA 2020, ‘The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders’, L’Encéphale, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 269–282, viewed 27 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Oliveira, J., and T. A. Cordás. “The Body Asks and the Mind Judges: Food Cravings in Eating Disorders.” L’Encéphale, vol. 46, no. 4, Aug. 2020, pp. 269–282. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Oliveira, J., and T.A. Cordás. “The Body Asks and the Mind Judges: Food Cravings in Eating Disorders.” L’Encéphale 46, no. 4 (August 1, 2020): 269–82. doi:10.1016/j.encep.2020.01.003.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Oliveira J, Cordás TA. The body asks and the mind judges: Food cravings in eating disorders. L’Encéphale [Internet]. 2020 Aug 1 [cited 2020 Sep 27];46(4):269–82. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0013700620300300