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Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave., MC 3077, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
      b Department of Clinical Research, Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, ND, USA
      c Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine, Fargo, ND, USA
      d Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA
      e The Emily Program, St. Paul, MN, USA
    • Keywords:
      Anorexia nervosa
      Eating behavior
      Ecological momentary assessment
      Negative affect
      Binge eating
      Dietary restriction
    • Abstract:
      Background Despite being characterized primarily by disturbances in eating behavior, relatively little is known about specific eating behaviors in anorexia nervosa (AN) and how they relate to different emotional, behavioral, and environmental features.
    • Abstract:
      Results The best-fitting model supported a 5-class solution: avoidant eating; solitary eating; binge eating; restrictive eating; and loss of control eating. The loss of control and binge eating classes were characterized by high levels of concurrent negative affect and a greater likelihood of engaging in compensatory behaviors. The restrictive eating class was associated with the greatest number of concurrently-reported stressful events, while the avoidant and solitary eating episode classes were characterized by relatively few accompanying stressful events. Body checking was least likely to occur in conjunction with restrictive eating behaviors.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Results support the presence of discrete types of eating episodes in AN that are associated with varying degrees of negative affect, stress, and behavioral features of eating disorders. Loss of control and dietary restriction may serve distinct functional purposes in AN, as highlighted by their differing associations with negative affect and stress. Clinical interventions for AN may benefit from targeting functional aspects of eating behavior among those with the disorder.
    • ISSN:
      0022-3956
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019
    • Accession Number:
      S0022395614000594
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GOLDSCHMIDT, A. B. et al. Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research, [s. l.], v. 53, p. 193–199, 2014. DOI 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0022395614000594. Acesso em: 27 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Goldschmidt AB, Wonderlich SA, Crosby RD, et al. Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2014;53:193-199. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019
    • APA:
      Goldschmidt, A. B., Wonderlich, S. A., Crosby, R. D., Cao, L., Engel, S. G., Lavender, J. M., Mitchell, J. E., Crow, S. J., Peterson, C. B., & Le Grange, D. (2014). Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 53, 193–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Goldschmidt, Andrea B., Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Li Cao, Scott G. Engel, Jason M. Lavender, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson, and Daniel Le Grange. 2014. “Latent Profile Analysis of Eating Episodes in Anorexia Nervosa.” Journal of Psychiatric Research 53 (June): 193–99. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019.
    • Harvard:
      Goldschmidt, A. B. et al. (2014) ‘Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa’, Journal of Psychiatric Research, 53, pp. 193–199. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Goldschmidt, AB, Wonderlich, SA, Crosby, RD, Cao, L, Engel, SG, Lavender, JM, Mitchell, JE, Crow, SJ, Peterson, CB & Le Grange, D 2014, ‘Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa’, Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 53, pp. 193–199, viewed 27 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Goldschmidt, Andrea B., et al. “Latent Profile Analysis of Eating Episodes in Anorexia Nervosa.” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 53, June 2014, pp. 193–199. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Goldschmidt, Andrea B., Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Li Cao, Scott G. Engel, Jason M. Lavender, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson, and Daniel Le Grange. “Latent Profile Analysis of Eating Episodes in Anorexia Nervosa.” Journal of Psychiatric Research 53 (June 1, 2014): 193–99. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.02.019.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Goldschmidt AB, Wonderlich SA, Crosby RD, Cao L, Engel SG, Lavender JM, et al. Latent profile analysis of eating episodes in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research [Internet]. 2014 Jun 1 [cited 2020 Sep 27];53:193–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0022395614000594