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Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Box 210068, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
      b Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Psychology, Box 1125, 1 Brookings Dr., St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
    • Note:
      Portions of the data presented here were used in Mehl, Vazire, Ramirez-Esparza, Slatcher, and Pennebaker (2007) for an analysis of sex differences in daily word use and in Vazire and Mehl (in press) for an analysis of the accuracy of self and other ratings of daily behavior. The analyses and findings reported here do not overlap with those reported in these papers.
    • Keywords:
      Daily activities
      Affect
      Circadian rhythms
      Ecological momentary assessment
      Nonlinear multi-level modeling
    • Abstract:
      The authors used the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) to track within-day variability in everyday behaviors associated with positive and negative affect across two samples. The EAR is a portable audio recorder that periodically samples snippets of ambient sounds from participants’ momentary environments. The recorded sounds are then coded for different behaviors. The study tested whether previous findings regarding diurnal patterns in self-reported mood extend to naturalistically observed behavior. Across both samples, behavior associated with positive affect (i.e., socializing, laughing, and singing) varied according to a sinusoidal 24-h rhythm centered around participants’ average waketime while behavior associated with negative affect (i.e., arguing and sighing) did not. Further, there was preliminary evidence that personality traits can moderate these rhythms (e.g., their amplitude).
    • ISSN:
      0092-6566
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012
    • Accession Number:
      S0092656608001013
    • Copyright:
      Copyright @ 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HASLER, B. P. et al. Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect. Journal of Research in Personality, [s. l.], v. 42, n. 6, p. 1537–1546, 2008. DOI 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0092656608001013. Acesso em: 20 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Hasler BP, Mehl MR, Bootzin RR, Vazire S. Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect. Journal of Research in Personality. 2008;42(6):1537-1546. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012
    • APA:
      Hasler, B. P., Mehl, M. R., Bootzin, R. R., & Vazire, S. (2008). Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(6), 1537–1546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Hasler, Brant P., Matthias R. Mehl, Richard R. Bootzin, and Simine Vazire. 2008. “Preliminary Evidence of Diurnal Rhythms in Everyday Behaviors Associated with Positive Affect.” Journal of Research in Personality 42 (6): 1537–46. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012.
    • Harvard:
      Hasler, B. P. et al. (2008) ‘Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect’, Journal of Research in Personality, 42(6), pp. 1537–1546. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Hasler, BP, Mehl, MR, Bootzin, RR & Vazire, S 2008, ‘Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect’, Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1537–1546, viewed 20 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Hasler, Brant P., et al. “Preliminary Evidence of Diurnal Rhythms in Everyday Behaviors Associated with Positive Affect.” Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 42, no. 6, Jan. 2008, pp. 1537–1546. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Hasler, Brant P., Matthias R. Mehl, Richard R. Bootzin, and Simine Vazire. “Preliminary Evidence of Diurnal Rhythms in Everyday Behaviors Associated with Positive Affect.” Journal of Research in Personality 42, no. 6 (January 1, 2008): 1537–46. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.012.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Hasler BP, Mehl MR, Bootzin RR, Vazire S. Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect. Journal of Research in Personality [Internet]. 2008 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Sep 20];42(6):1537–46. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0092656608001013