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Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, United States
      b Department of Psychology, St. John’s University, United States
      c Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, United States
      d Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stony Brook University, United States
    • Keywords:
      Ecological momentary assessment
      Multilevel modeling
      Trait versus state measurement
      Assessment methods
      Anger
      Anxiety
    • Abstract:
      Ecological momentary assessments (EMA) of anxiety and anger/hostility were obtained every 25–30min over two 24-h periods, separated by a median of 6months, from 165 employees at a university in the Northeast. We used a multilevel trait-state-error structural equation model to estimate: (1) the proportion of variance in EMA anxiety and anger/hostility attributable to stable trait-like individual differences; (2) the correspondence between these trait-like components of EMA anxiety and anger/hostility and traditional questionnaire measures of each construct; and (3) the test–retest correlation between two 24-h averages obtained several months apart. After adjustment for measurement error, more than half the total variance in EMA reports of anxiety and anger/hostility is attributable to stable trait-like individual differences; however, the trait-like component of each construct is only modestly correlated with questionnaire measures of that construct. The 6-month “test–retest” correlations of latent variables representing the true 24-h EMA average anxiety and average anger are quite high (r⩾0.83). This study represents the longest follow-up period over which EMA-based estimates of traits have been examined. The results suggest that although the trait component (individual differences) of EMA momentary ratings of anxiety and anger is larger than the state component, traditional self-report questionnaires of trait anxiety and anger correspond only weakly with EMA-defined traits.
    • ISSN:
      0092-6566
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005
    • Accession Number:
      S0092656613001116
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      EDMONDSON, D. et al. Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires. Journal of Research in Personality, [s. l.], v. 47, n. 6, p. 843–852, 2013. DOI 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0092656613001116. Acesso em: 27 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Edmondson D, Shaffer JA, Chaplin WF, Burg MM, Stone AA, Schwartz JE. Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires. Journal of Research in Personality. 2013;47(6):843-852. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005
    • APA:
      Edmondson, D., Shaffer, J. A., Chaplin, W. F., Burg, M. M., Stone, A. A., & Schwartz, J. E. (2013). Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), 843–852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Edmondson, Donald, Jonathan A. Shaffer, William F. Chaplin, Matthew M. Burg, Arthur A. Stone, and Joseph E. Schwartz. 2013. “Trait Anxiety and Trait Anger Measured by Ecological Momentary Assessment and Their Correspondence with Traditional Trait Questionnaires.” Journal of Research in Personality 47 (6): 843–52. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005.
    • Harvard:
      Edmondson, D. et al. (2013) ‘Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires’, Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), pp. 843–852. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Edmondson, D, Shaffer, JA, Chaplin, WF, Burg, MM, Stone, AA & Schwartz, JE 2013, ‘Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires’, Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 843–852, viewed 27 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Edmondson, Donald, et al. “Trait Anxiety and Trait Anger Measured by Ecological Momentary Assessment and Their Correspondence with Traditional Trait Questionnaires.” Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 47, no. 6, Dec. 2013, pp. 843–852. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Edmondson, Donald, Jonathan A. Shaffer, William F. Chaplin, Matthew M. Burg, Arthur A. Stone, and Joseph E. Schwartz. “Trait Anxiety and Trait Anger Measured by Ecological Momentary Assessment and Their Correspondence with Traditional Trait Questionnaires.” Journal of Research in Personality 47, no. 6 (December 1, 2013): 843–52. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.005.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Edmondson D, Shaffer JA, Chaplin WF, Burg MM, Stone AA, Schwartz JE. Trait anxiety and trait anger measured by ecological momentary assessment and their correspondence with traditional trait questionnaires. Journal of Research in Personality [Internet]. 2013 Dec 1 [cited 2020 Sep 27];47(6):843–52. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0092656613001116