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Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect?

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a University of California, Davis, United States
      b Washington University in St. Louis, United States
    • Note:
      Funding: The preparation of this manuscript was supported by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation to Matthias Mehl (44245) and two grants from the National Science Foundation to Simine Vazire (BCS-1025330, BCS-1125553). The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation or the John Templeton Foundation. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
    • Keywords:
      Personality states
      Affect
      Situations’ P × S interactions
    • Abstract:
      People fluctuate in their behavior as they go about their daily lives, but little is known about the processes underlying these fluctuations. In two ecological momentary assessment studies (Ns=124, 415), we examined the extent to which negative and positive affect accounted for the within-person variance in Big Five states. Participants were prompted six times a day over six days (Study 1) or four times a day over two weeks (Study 2) to report their recent thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Multilevel modeling results indicated that negative and positive affect account for most, but not all, of the within-person variance in personality states. Importantly, situation variables predicted variance in some personality states even after accounting for fluctuations in affect, indicating that fluctuations in personality states may be more than fluctuations in state affect.
    • ISSN:
      0092-6566
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006
    • Accession Number:
      S0092656616300538
    • Copyright:
      © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WILSON, R. E.; THOMPSON, R. J.; VAZIRE, S. Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect? Journal of Research in Personality, [s. l.], v. 69, p. 110–123, 2017. DOI 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0092656616300538. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wilson RE, Thompson RJ, Vazire S. Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect? Journal of Research in Personality. 2017;69:110-123. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006
    • APA:
      Wilson, R. E., Thompson, R. J., & Vazire, S. (2017). Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect? Journal of Research in Personality, 69, 110–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wilson, Robert E., Renee J. Thompson, and Simine Vazire. 2017. “Are Fluctuations in Personality States More than Fluctuations in Affect?” Journal of Research in Personality 69 (August): 110–23. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006.
    • Harvard:
      Wilson, R. E., Thompson, R. J. and Vazire, S. (2017) ‘Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect?’, Journal of Research in Personality, 69, pp. 110–123. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wilson, RE, Thompson, RJ & Vazire, S 2017, ‘Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect?’, Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 69, pp. 110–123, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wilson, Robert E., et al. “Are Fluctuations in Personality States More than Fluctuations in Affect?” Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 69, Aug. 2017, pp. 110–123. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wilson, Robert E., Renee J. Thompson, and Simine Vazire. “Are Fluctuations in Personality States More than Fluctuations in Affect?” Journal of Research in Personality 69 (August 1, 2017): 110–23. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.006.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wilson RE, Thompson RJ, Vazire S. Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect? Journal of Research in Personality [Internet]. 2017 Aug 1 [cited 2020 Sep 26];69:110–23. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0092656616300538