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The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a The University of Georgia, United States
      b George Mason University, United States
      c The University of Kentucky, United States
    • Keywords:
      Stroop
      Food
      Negative urgency
      Arousal
      Valence
    • Abstract:
      We tested a theoretical model concerning the role of attentional bias and negative affect in food consumption that offers important advances. We hypothesized that the effects of negative affect manipulations on food consumption vary as a function of trait levels of negative urgency (NU; tendency to act impulsively when distressed), and attentional bias and that the roles of emotional arousal and negative emotional valence differ and should be studied separately. 190 undergraduate women were randomly assigned to either an anger or neutral mood condition. Women in both conditions completed the Food Stroop, in which the presentation of food and neutral words were counterbalanced. After the task, participants were given the opportunity to eat mandarin oranges and/or chocolate candy while the experimenter was out of the room. The type and quantity of food consumed was counted after the participant departed. As hypothesized, the roles of emotional arousal and valence differed and the effect of the induced emotion was moderated by NU. Women high in NU who experienced emotional arousal were more likely to eat candy and consumed more candy than other women. Emotional valence had no effect on candy consumption. Neither increases in emotional arousal or emotional valence influenced attentional bias to food cues. Attentional bias was also unrelated to food consumption. The impact of negative mood inductions on palatable food consumption appears to operate through emotional arousal and not negative emotional valence, and it may operate primarily for women high in NU.
    • ISSN:
      0195-6663
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019
    • Accession Number:
      S019566631630054X
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BECKER, K. D. et al. The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption. Appetite, [s. l.], v. 100, p. 236–243, 2016. DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S019566631630054X. Acesso em: 26 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Becker KD, Fischer S, Smith GT, Miller JD. The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption. Appetite. 2016;100:236-243. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019
    • APA:
      Becker, K. D., Fischer, S., Smith, G. T., & Miller, J. D. (2016). The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption. Appetite, 100, 236–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Becker, Kendra Davis, Sarah Fischer, Gregory T. Smith, and Joshua D. Miller. 2016. “The Influence of Negative Urgency, Attentional Bias, and Emotional Dimensions on Palatable Food Consumption.” Appetite 100 (May): 236–43. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019.
    • Harvard:
      Becker, K. D. et al. (2016) ‘The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption’, Appetite, 100, pp. 236–243. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Becker, KD, Fischer, S, Smith, GT & Miller, JD 2016, ‘The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption’, Appetite, vol. 100, pp. 236–243, viewed 26 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Becker, Kendra Davis, et al. “The Influence of Negative Urgency, Attentional Bias, and Emotional Dimensions on Palatable Food Consumption.” Appetite, vol. 100, May 2016, pp. 236–243. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Becker, Kendra Davis, Sarah Fischer, Gregory T. Smith, and Joshua D. Miller. “The Influence of Negative Urgency, Attentional Bias, and Emotional Dimensions on Palatable Food Consumption.” Appetite 100 (May 1, 2016): 236–43. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.019.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Becker KD, Fischer S, Smith GT, Miller JD. The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption. Appetite [Internet]. 2016 May 1 [cited 2020 Nov 26];100:236–43. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S019566631630054X