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Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Division of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
      b Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    • Keywords:
      Family meals
      Direct observation
      TV viewing
      Emotional atmosphere
      Dietary quality
    • Abstract:
      Background Research on family meals has demonstrated that family meals are protective for many aspects of child and adolescent health. It is unclear whether distractions at family meals, such as watching TV, are associated with child weight and weight-related behaviors, the emotional atmosphere at the meal, or family meal healthfulness.
    • Abstract:
      Results The presence of TV was negatively associated with the dietary healthfulness and emotional atmosphere of the meal and the child's overall dietary quality. It was positively associated with serving fast food for family meals. Those families who were paying attention to the TV had significantly worse meal dietary healthfulness and were more likely to have fast food at family meals compared to those who were not paying attention. No significant findings were found between the presence of TV at family meals and child overweight status.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Study results show that TV is frequently present at family meals. Even if families are not paying attention to the TV, it appears that simply having the TV on as background noise is associated with deleterious outcomes. In addition to increasing family meals, families should be given guidance on turning off the TV and making the family meal a time to connect with one another.
    • ISSN:
      0195-6663
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018
    • Accession Number:
      S0195666316305669
    • Copyright:
      © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TROFHOLZ, A. C. et al. Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status. Appetite, [s. l.], v. 108, p. 361–366, 2017. DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0195666316305669. Acesso em: 20 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Trofholz AC, Tate AD, Miner MH, Berge JM. Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status. Appetite. 2017;108:361-366. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018
    • APA:
      Trofholz, A. C., Tate, A. D., Miner, M. H., & Berge, J. M. (2017). Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status. Appetite, 108, 361–366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Trofholz, Amanda C., Allan D. Tate, Michael H. Miner, and Jerica M. Berge. 2017. “Associations between TV Viewing at Family Meals and the Emotional Atmosphere of the Meal, Meal Healthfulness, Child Dietary Intake, and Child Weight Status.” Appetite 108 (January): 361–66. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018.
    • Harvard:
      Trofholz, A. C. et al. (2017) ‘Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status’, Appetite, 108, pp. 361–366. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Trofholz, AC, Tate, AD, Miner, MH & Berge, JM 2017, ‘Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status’, Appetite, vol. 108, pp. 361–366, viewed 20 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Trofholz, Amanda C., et al. “Associations between TV Viewing at Family Meals and the Emotional Atmosphere of the Meal, Meal Healthfulness, Child Dietary Intake, and Child Weight Status.” Appetite, vol. 108, Jan. 2017, pp. 361–366. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Trofholz, Amanda C., Allan D. Tate, Michael H. Miner, and Jerica M. Berge. “Associations between TV Viewing at Family Meals and the Emotional Atmosphere of the Meal, Meal Healthfulness, Child Dietary Intake, and Child Weight Status.” Appetite 108 (January 1, 2017): 361–66. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.10.018.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Trofholz AC, Tate AD, Miner MH, Berge JM. Associations between TV viewing at family meals and the emotional atmosphere of the meal, meal healthfulness, child dietary intake, and child weight status. Appetite [Internet]. 2017 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Sep 20];108:361–6. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0195666316305669