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The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60657, USA
      b Department of Economics, The University of Chicago, 1126 East 59th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
      c The American Bar Foundation, 750 North Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    • Note:
      Supplementary data associated with this article can be found at http://athens.src.uchicago.edu/jenni/JOE/
    • Keywords:
      Education
      Ability
      Latent variables
      Selection
      MCMC
    • Abstract:
      This paper develops two methods for estimating the effect of schooling on achievement test scores that control for the endogeneity of schooling by postulating that both schooling and test scores are generated by a common unobserved latent ability. These methods are applied to data on schooling and test scores. Estimates from the two methods are in close agreement. We find that the effects of schooling on test scores are roughly linear across schooling levels. The effects of schooling on measured test scores are slightly larger for lower latent ability levels. We find that schooling increases the AFQT score on average between 2 and 4 percentage points, roughly twice as large as the effect claimed by Herrnstein and Murray (1994) but in agreement with estimates produced by Neal and Johnson (1996) and Winship and Korenman (1997). We extend the previous literature by estimating the impact of schooling on measured test scores at various quantiles of the latent ability distribution.
    • ISSN:
      0304-4076
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011
    • Accession Number:
      S0304407603002598
    • Copyright:
      Copyright @ 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HANSEN, K. T.; HECKMAN, J. J.; MULLEN, K. J. The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores. Journal of Econometrics, [s. l.], v. 121, n. 1, p. 39–98, 2004. DOI 10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0304407603002598. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Hansen KT, Heckman JJ, Mullen KJ. The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores. Journal of Econometrics. 2004;121(1):39-98. doi:10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011
    • APA:
      Hansen, K. T., Heckman, J. J., & Mullen, K. J. (2004). The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores. Journal of Econometrics, 121(1), 39–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Hansen, Karsten T., James J. Heckman, and Kathleen J. Mullen. 2004. “The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores.” Journal of Econometrics 121 (1): 39–98. doi:10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011.
    • Harvard:
      Hansen, K. T., Heckman, J. J. and Mullen, K. J. (2004) ‘The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores’, Journal of Econometrics, 121(1), pp. 39–98. doi: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Hansen, KT, Heckman, JJ & Mullen, KJ 2004, ‘The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores’, Journal of Econometrics, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 39–98, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Hansen, Karsten T., et al. “The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores.” Journal of Econometrics, vol. 121, no. 1, Jan. 2004, pp. 39–98. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Hansen, Karsten T., James J. Heckman, and Kathleen J. Mullen. “The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores.” Journal of Econometrics 121, no. 1 (January 1, 2004): 39–98. doi:10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.011.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Hansen KT, Heckman JJ, Mullen KJ. The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores. Journal of Econometrics [Internet]. 2004 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Nov 24];121(1):39–98. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0304407603002598