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Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      University of Connecticut, United States
    • Keywords:
      Alcohol
      Gender
      Psychosocial
      College student
    • Abstract:
      To examine the influence of alcohol consumption, gender, and psychological risk and protective factors on college students' experiences of negative and positive consequences, the present study of 181 students assessed frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption, negative and positive consequences of alcohol use, positive alcohol expectancies, constructive thinking, and positive and negative affect. Results indicated that men and women differed in their experience of some consequences and that while alcohol consumption was generally more strongly related to consequences for women than for men, it was unrelated to most consequences. Further, when controlling for alcohol consumption, positive alcohol expectancies and negative affect were positively related to experiencing positive and negative consequences while constructive thinking was related to fewer positive and fewer negative consequences. Results indicate that consequences are much more strongly related to psychological risk and protective factors than to alcohol consumption. The article concludes with a discussion of implications for intervention efforts.
    • ISSN:
      0306-4603
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021
    • Accession Number:
      S0306460304002990
    • Copyright:
      Copyright @ 2004 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PARK, C. L.; GRANT, C. Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics. Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 30, n. 4, p. 755–765, 2005. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460304002990. Acesso em: 22 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Park CL, Grant C. Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics. Addictive Behaviors. 2005;30(4):755-765. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021
    • APA:
      Park, C. L., & Grant, C. (2005). Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics. Addictive Behaviors, 30(4), 755–765. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Park, Crystal L., and Christoffer Grant. 2005. “Determinants of Positive and Negative Consequences of Alcohol Consumption in College Students: Alcohol Use, Gender, and Psychological Characteristics.” Addictive Behaviors 30 (4): 755–65. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021.
    • Harvard:
      Park, C. L. and Grant, C. (2005) ‘Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics’, Addictive Behaviors, 30(4), pp. 755–765. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Park, CL & Grant, C 2005, ‘Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics’, Addictive Behaviors, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 755–765, viewed 22 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Park, Crystal L., and Christoffer Grant. “Determinants of Positive and Negative Consequences of Alcohol Consumption in College Students: Alcohol Use, Gender, and Psychological Characteristics.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 30, no. 4, Jan. 2005, pp. 755–765. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Park, Crystal L., and Christoffer Grant. “Determinants of Positive and Negative Consequences of Alcohol Consumption in College Students: Alcohol Use, Gender, and Psychological Characteristics.” Addictive Behaviors 30, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 755–65. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.021.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Park CL, Grant C. Determinants of positive and negative consequences of alcohol consumption in college students: alcohol use, gender, and psychological characteristics. Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2005 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Oct 22];30(4):755–65. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460304002990