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Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Division of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, MC3910, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030 USA
      b Department of Psychiatry, MC3944, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030 USA
      c Calhoun Cardiology Center, MC3944, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030 USA
    • Keywords:
      Marijuana treatment
      Contingency management
      CBT
      Self-efficacy
      Coping
    • Abstract:
      Objective The purpose of the present study was to develop a treatment for marijuana dependence specifically designed to enhance self-efficacy.
    • Abstract:
      Results All patients showed modest improvements over time through 14months, with few between-treatment effects on outcomes. Latent Class Growth Models, however, indicated that a subsample of patients did extremely well over time. This subsample was more likely to have been treated in the CMAbstinence condition. In turn, this treatment effect appears to have been accounted for by days of continuous abstinence accrued during treatment, and by pre-post increases in self-efficacy.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions The most effective treatments may be those that elicit abstinence while increasing self-efficacy.
    • Abstract:
      @@@@Highlights ► Marijuana is the most used drug in the US, and achieving abstinence is difficult. ► Contingency management and self-efficacy based treatments have been most effective. ► We sought to enhance self-efficacy by reinforcing completed treatment assignments. ► Results showed that a treatment reinforcing abstinence was slightly more effective. ► Analyses indicated that initial abstinence and self-efficacy best predicted outcome.
    • ISSN:
      0306-4603
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011
    • Accession Number:
      S030646031200305X
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LITT, M. D.; KADDEN, R. M.; PETRY, N. M. Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement. Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 38, n. 3, p. 1764–1775, 2013. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S030646031200305X. Acesso em: 28 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Litt MD, Kadden RM, Petry NM. Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement. Addictive Behaviors. 2013;38(3):1764-1775. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011
    • APA:
      Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M., & Petry, N. M. (2013). Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement. Addictive Behaviors, 38(3), 1764–1775. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Litt, Mark D., Ronald M. Kadden, and Nancy M. Petry. 2013. “Behavioral Treatment for Marijuana Dependence: Randomized Trial of Contingency Management and Self-Efficacy Enhancement.” Addictive Behaviors 38 (3): 1764–75. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011.
    • Harvard:
      Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M. and Petry, N. M. (2013) ‘Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement’, Addictive Behaviors, 38(3), pp. 1764–1775. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Litt, MD, Kadden, RM & Petry, NM 2013, ‘Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement’, Addictive Behaviors, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1764–1775, viewed 28 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Litt, Mark D., et al. “Behavioral Treatment for Marijuana Dependence: Randomized Trial of Contingency Management and Self-Efficacy Enhancement.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 38, no. 3, Mar. 2013, pp. 1764–1775. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Litt, Mark D., Ronald M. Kadden, and Nancy M. Petry. “Behavioral Treatment for Marijuana Dependence: Randomized Trial of Contingency Management and Self-Efficacy Enhancement.” Addictive Behaviors 38, no. 3 (March 1, 2013): 1764–75. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.011.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Litt MD, Kadden RM, Petry NM. Behavioral treatment for marijuana dependence: Randomized trial of contingency management and self-efficacy enhancement. Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2013 Mar 1 [cited 2020 Oct 28];38(3):1764–75. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S030646031200305X