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A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Trinity College, United States
      b Fairleigh Dickinson University, United States
      c University of Connecticut Health Center School of Medicine, United States
      d Central Connecticut State University, United States
      e Institute of Living/Hartford Hospital & Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, United States
      f University of Memphis, United States
      g Yale University School of Medicine, Institute of Living/Hartford Hospital & Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, United States
    • Note:
      This research was supported in part by grants from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (RO1 AA016599, RC1 AA019036) awarded to Godfrey D. Pearlson.
    • Keywords:
      First-year college students
      Latent profile analysis
      Drinking-related problems
      Negative affect
    • Abstract:
      The current study used a person-centered approach (i.e. latent profile analysis) to identify distinct types of college student drinkers based on the predictions of motivational, social learning, and stress and coping theories of maladaptive drinking. A large sample (N=844; 53% female) of first-year undergraduates from two institutions, public and private, who reported consuming one or more drinks in the last three months completed measures of depressive and anxiety symptoms, positive alcohol-outcome expectancies, negative life events, social support, drinking motives, drinking level and drinking-related problems. Latent profile analysis revealed a small subgroup of individuals (n=81, 9%) who conformed to the anticipated high-risk profile; specifically, this group demonstrated high levels of negative affect, coping motives, drinks per week, and drinking-related problems. However, additional groups emerged that showed patterns inconsistent with the proposed vulnerability profile (e.g., high negative affect, positive expectancies, and negative life events, but relatively low drinking levels). Findings from our person-centered approach showing the presence of groups both consistent and inconsistent with the predictions of motivational, social learning, and stress and coping theories highlight the need to identify and target certain college students for prevention and intervention of negative affect-related drinking.
    • ISSN:
      0306-4603
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015
    • Accession Number:
      S030646031300230X
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © unknown. Published by Elsevier Ltd
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HOLT, L. J. et al. A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students. Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 38, n. 12, p. 2937–2944, 2013. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S030646031300230X. Acesso em: 24 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Holt LJ, Armeli S, Tennen H, et al. A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students. Addictive Behaviors. 2013;38(12):2937-2944. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015
    • APA:
      Holt, L. J., Armeli, S., Tennen, H., Austad, C. S., Raskin, S. A., Fallahi, C. R., Wood, R., Rosen, R. I., Ginley, M. K., & Pearlson, G. D. (2013). A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students. Addictive Behaviors, 38(12), 2937–2944. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Holt, Laura J., Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen, Carol S. Austad, Sarah A. Raskin, Carolyn R. Fallahi, Rebecca Wood, Rivkah I. Rosen, Meredith K. Ginley, and Godfrey D. Pearlson. 2013. “A Person-Centered Approach to Understanding Negative Reinforcement Drinking among First Year College Students.” Addictive Behaviors 38 (12): 2937–44. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015.
    • Harvard:
      Holt, L. J. et al. (2013) ‘A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students’, Addictive Behaviors, 38(12), pp. 2937–2944. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Holt, LJ, Armeli, S, Tennen, H, Austad, CS, Raskin, SA, Fallahi, CR, Wood, R, Rosen, RI, Ginley, MK & Pearlson, GD 2013, ‘A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students’, Addictive Behaviors, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 2937–2944, viewed 24 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Holt, Laura J., et al. “A Person-Centered Approach to Understanding Negative Reinforcement Drinking among First Year College Students.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 38, no. 12, Dec. 2013, pp. 2937–2944. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Holt, Laura J., Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen, Carol S. Austad, Sarah A. Raskin, Carolyn R. Fallahi, Rebecca Wood, Rivkah I. Rosen, Meredith K. Ginley, and Godfrey D. Pearlson. “A Person-Centered Approach to Understanding Negative Reinforcement Drinking among First Year College Students.” Addictive Behaviors 38, no. 12 (December 1, 2013): 2937–44. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.015.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Holt LJ, Armeli S, Tennen H, Austad CS, Raskin SA, Fallahi CR, et al. A person-centered approach to understanding negative reinforcement drinking among first year college students. Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2013 Dec 1 [cited 2020 Oct 24];38(12):2937–44. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S030646031300230X