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Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Division of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, MC3910, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
      b Department of Psychiatry, MC3944, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
      c Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, MC6325, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
    • Keywords:
      Alcohol treatment
      Gender differences
      Social network
      Network Support
    • Abstract:
      Objective Network Support treatment was intended to help alcohol dependent patients alter their close social support networks to be more supportive of sobriety and less supportive of drinking. The purpose of the present study was to examine the differential influences of Network Support treatment on men and women.
    • Abstract:
      Results Analyses of drinking-related outcome measures over the 27months indicated that women fared less well overall, and particularly poorly in the Network Support conditions, relative to men. Tests of mediation indicated that self-efficacy change and change in the number of non-drinking close associates partially mediated the effect of NS treatments on outcome.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions It was concluded that the NS conditions failed to alter women's social networks, and may have had the effect of undermining women's self-efficacy. Network Support treatment might be applicable for women and more effective generally if particular attention is paid to understanding preexisting social support networks.
    • Abstract:
      @@@@Highlights •Network Support treatment was designed to create a supportive social network.•Overall, women generally fared poorly in Network Support.•Women were more likely than men to preserve their maladaptive social networks.•Failure of women to change their networks accounted for poorer outcomes.
    • ISSN:
      0306-4603
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005
    • Accession Number:
      S0306460315000064
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LITT, M. D.; KADDEN, R. M.; TENNEN, H. Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes. Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 45, p. 87–92, 2015. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460315000064. Acesso em: 28 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Litt MD, Kadden RM, Tennen H. Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes. Addictive Behaviors. 2015;45:87-92. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005
    • APA:
      Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M., & Tennen, H. (2015). Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes. Addictive Behaviors, 45, 87–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Litt, Mark D., Ronald M. Kadden, and Howard Tennen. 2015. “Network Support Treatment for Alcohol Dependence: Gender Differences in Treatment Mechanisms and Outcomes.” Addictive Behaviors 45 (June): 87–92. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005.
    • Harvard:
      Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M. and Tennen, H. (2015) ‘Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes’, Addictive Behaviors, 45, pp. 87–92. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Litt, MD, Kadden, RM & Tennen, H 2015, ‘Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes’, Addictive Behaviors, vol. 45, pp. 87–92, viewed 28 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Litt, Mark D., et al. “Network Support Treatment for Alcohol Dependence: Gender Differences in Treatment Mechanisms and Outcomes.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 45, June 2015, pp. 87–92. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Litt, Mark D., Ronald M. Kadden, and Howard Tennen. “Network Support Treatment for Alcohol Dependence: Gender Differences in Treatment Mechanisms and Outcomes.” Addictive Behaviors 45 (June 1, 2015): 87–92. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.005.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Litt MD, Kadden RM, Tennen H. Network Support treatment for alcohol dependence: Gender differences in treatment mechanisms and outcomes. Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2015 Jun 1 [cited 2020 Oct 28];45:87–92. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460315000064