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Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a School of Psychological Sciences, Campus Box 94, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639, United States
      b Applied Statistics and Research Methods, Campus Box 124, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639, United States
      c Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotion Research, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, United States
    • Keywords:
      Marijuana
      Craving
      Ecological momentary assessment
      Academics
      Motivation
      College students
    • Abstract:
      Introduction Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance in the U.S., with high rates among young adults in the state of Colorado. Chronic, heavy marijuana use can impact cognitive functioning, which has the potential to influence academic performance of college students. It is possible that craving for marijuana may further contribute to diminished cognitive and affective functioning, thus leading to poor outcomes for students.
    • Abstract:
      Results A temporal association between craving and marijuana use was found, where momentary craving positively predicted greater marijuana use. Similarly, as craving levels increased, the number of minutes spent studying decreased at the next assessment point. A negative association between momentary craving for marijuana and academic motivation was found in the same moment. Greater academic self-efficacy positively predicted cumulative GPA, while average minutes spent smoking marijuana was negatively related.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Using EMA, marijuana craving and use were significantly related. These findings provide further evidence that heavy marijuana use is negatively associated with academic outcomes.
    • Abstract:
      @@@@Highlights •Craving predicted use in college students who frequently use marijuana.•Craving was negatively associated with academic effort and motivation.•Average minutes spent smoking marijuana was negatively related to GPA.•Greater academic self-efficacy positively predicted GPA.
    • ISSN:
      0306-4603
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020
    • Accession Number:
      S0306460315001276
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PHILLIPS, K. T. et al. Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study. Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 47, p. 42–47, 2015. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460315001276. Acesso em: 21 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Phillips KT, Phillips MM, Lalonde TL, Tormohlen KN. Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study. Addictive Behaviors. 2015;47:42-47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020
    • APA:
      Phillips, K. T., Phillips, M. M., Lalonde, T. L., & Tormohlen, K. N. (2015). Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study. Addictive Behaviors, 47, 42–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Phillips, Kristina T., Michael M. Phillips, Trent L. Lalonde, and Kayla N. Tormohlen. 2015. “Marijuana Use, Craving, and Academic Motivation and Performance among College Students: An in-the-Moment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 47 (August): 42–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020.
    • Harvard:
      Phillips, K. T. et al. (2015) ‘Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study’, Addictive Behaviors, 47, pp. 42–47. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Phillips, KT, Phillips, MM, Lalonde, TL & Tormohlen, KN 2015, ‘Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study’, Addictive Behaviors, vol. 47, pp. 42–47, viewed 21 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Phillips, Kristina T., et al. “Marijuana Use, Craving, and Academic Motivation and Performance among College Students: An in-the-Moment Study.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 47, Aug. 2015, pp. 42–47. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Phillips, Kristina T., Michael M. Phillips, Trent L. Lalonde, and Kayla N. Tormohlen. “Marijuana Use, Craving, and Academic Motivation and Performance among College Students: An in-the-Moment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 47 (August 1, 2015): 42–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.03.020.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Phillips KT, Phillips MM, Lalonde TL, Tormohlen KN. Marijuana use, craving, and academic motivation and performance among college students: An in-the-moment study. Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2015 Aug 1 [cited 2020 Sep 21];47:42–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460315001276