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Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Prevention, 9609 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States
      b National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Section on Clinical Genomics and Experimental Therapeutics,10 Center Dr, Bethesda, MD 20814, United States
      c Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Department of Medical Clinical Psychology, 4301 Jones Bridge Rd, Bethesda, MD 20814, United States
      d Boston University, Division of Behavioral Science Research, Henry M Goldman School of Dental Medicine, 560 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02118, United States
      e University of Utah, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, 375 Chipeta Way, Suite A, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, United States
    • Keywords:
      Tobacco advertising
      Ecological momentary assessment
      African Americans
      Tobacco
      Minority health
    • Abstract:
      Introduction Many African Americans live in communities with a disproportionately high density of tobacco advertisements compared to Whites. Some research indicates that point-of-sale advertising is associated with impulse purchases of cigarettes and smoking. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) can be used to examine associations between tobacco advertisement exposure and smoking variables in the natural environment.
    • Abstract:
      Results Participants reported seeing at least one advertisement on 33% of assessments. Of those assessments, they reported seeing menthol advertisements on 87% of assessments. Between-subject analyses revealed that participants who on average saw more advertisements were generally more likely to report purchasing cigarettes and to purchase cigarettes on impulse. Within-subject analyses revealed that when an individual participant reported seeing more advertisements than usual they were more likely to have reported purchasing cigarettes, making an impulse purchase and smoking more cigarettes during the same period, but not the subsequent time period.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Many African American smokers are frequently exposed to pro-tobacco marketing. Advertisement exposure is cross-sectionally associated with impulse purchases and smoking. Future research should assess prospective associations in more detail.
    • Abstract:
      @@@@Highlights •African American smokers reported frequent exposure to pro-tobacco marketing.•Advertisement exposure is cross-sectionally associated with impulse purchases and smoking.•No prospective association between more advertisements than usual and cigarette purchases/smoking.
    • ISSN:
      0306-4603
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • Accession Number:
      S0306460317303866
    • Copyright:
      Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ROBINSON, C. D. et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 83, p. 142–147, 2018. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460317303866. Acesso em: 25 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive Behaviors. 2018;83:142-147. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • APA:
      Robinson, C. D., Muench, C., Brede, E., Endrighi, R., Szeto, E. H., Sells, J. R., Lammers, J. P., Okuyemi, K. S., Izmirlian, G., & Waters, A. J. (2018). Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive Behaviors, 83, 142–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Robinson, Cendrine D., Christine Muench, Emily Brede, Romano Endrighi, Edwin H. Szeto, Joanna R. Sells, John P. Lammers, Kolawole S. Okuyemi, Grant Izmirlian, and Andrew J. Waters. 2018. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 83 (August): 142–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Harvard:
      Robinson, C. D. et al. (2018) ‘Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Addictive Behaviors, 83, pp. 142–147. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Robinson, CD, Muench, C, Brede, E, Endrighi, R, Szeto, EH, Sells, JR, Lammers, JP, Okuyemi, KS, Izmirlian, G & Waters, AJ 2018, ‘Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Addictive Behaviors, vol. 83, pp. 142–147, viewed 25 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Robinson, Cendrine D., et al. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 83, Aug. 2018, pp. 142–147. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Robinson, Cendrine D., Christine Muench, Emily Brede, Romano Endrighi, Edwin H. Szeto, Joanna R. Sells, John P. Lammers, Kolawole S. Okuyemi, Grant Izmirlian, and Andrew J. Waters. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 83 (August 1, 2018): 142–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2018 Aug 1 [cited 2020 Oct 25];83:142–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0306460317303866