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An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, United States
      b University of Connecticut School of Medicine, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, United States
    • Keywords:
      Adolescents
      Smoking cessation
      Tobacco
      Contingency management
      Incentives
      Cognitive behavioral therapy
    • Abstract:
      Background There are few effective smoking cessation interventions for adolescent smokers. We developed a novel intervention to motivate tobacco use behavior change by (1) enhancing desire to quit through the use of abstinence–contingent incentives (CM), (2) increasing cessation skills through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and (3) removing cessation barriers through delivery within high schools.
    • Abstract:
      Results Among participants who initiated treatment (n=72), group differences in seven-day EOT-PP abstinence were observed (χ2=10.48, p<0.01) with higher abstinence in the CM+CBT (36.7%) and CM (36.3%) conditions when compared with CBT (0%). One-day EOT-PP abstinence evidenced similar effects (χ2=10.39, p<0.01; CM+CBT: 43%, CM: 43%, CBT: 4.3%). Survival analyses indicated differences in time to first cigarette during treatment (χ2=8.73, p=0.003; CBT: Day 3, CM: Day 9, CM+CBT: Day 20). At one- and three-month follow ups, while no differences were observed, the CM alone group had the slowest increase in cigarette use.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions High-school, incentive-based smoking cessation interventions produce high rates of short-term abstinence among adolescent smokers; adding cognitive behavioral therapy does not appear to further enhance outcomes.
    • ISSN:
      0376-8716
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002
    • Accession Number:
      S037687161300094X
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KRISHNAN-SARIN, S. et al. An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, [s. l.], v. 132, n. 1–2, p. 346–351, 2013. DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S037687161300094X. Acesso em: 21 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Krishnan-Sarin S, Cavallo DA, Cooney JL, et al. An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2013;132(1-2):346-351. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002
    • APA:
      Krishnan-Sarin, S., Cavallo, D. A., Cooney, J. L., Schepis, T. S., Kong, G., Liss, T. B., Liss, A. K., McMahon, T. J., Nich, C., Babuscio, T., Rounsaville, B. J., & Carroll, K. M. (2013). An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 132(1–2), 346–351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra, Dana A. Cavallo, Judith L. Cooney, Ty S. Schepis, Grace Kong, Thomas B. Liss, Amanda K. Liss, et al. 2013. “An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel High-School-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescent Smokers Using Abstinence–contingent Incentives and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 132 (1–2): 346–51. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002.
    • Harvard:
      Krishnan-Sarin, S. et al. (2013) ‘An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 132(1–2), pp. 346–351. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Krishnan-Sarin, S, Cavallo, DA, Cooney, JL, Schepis, TS, Kong, G, Liss, TB, Liss, AK, McMahon, TJ, Nich, C, Babuscio, T, Rounsaville, BJ & Carroll, KM 2013, ‘An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 132, no. 1–2, pp. 346–351, viewed 21 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra, et al. “An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel High-School-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescent Smokers Using Abstinence–contingent Incentives and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 132, no. 1–2, Sept. 2013, pp. 346–351. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra, Dana A. Cavallo, Judith L. Cooney, Ty S. Schepis, Grace Kong, Thomas B. Liss, Amanda K. Liss, et al. “An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel High-School-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescent Smokers Using Abstinence–contingent Incentives and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 132, no. 1–2 (September 1, 2013): 346–51. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.002.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Krishnan-Sarin S, Cavallo DA, Cooney JL, Schepis TS, Kong G, Liss TB, et al. An exploratory randomized controlled trial of a novel high-school-based smoking cessation intervention for adolescent smokers using abstinence–contingent incentives and cognitive behavioral therapy. Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Internet]. 2013 Sep 1 [cited 2020 Oct 21];132(1–2):346–51. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S037687161300094X