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Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
      b University of Houston, Department of Psychology, 126 Heyne Building, Houston, TX 77024, USA
      c The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Behavioral Science, 1155 Pressler Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA
      d Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine & Health Sciences and Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
    • Keywords:
      Marijuana
      Cannabis
      Withdrawal
      Craving
      Motives
      Ecological Momentary Assessment
    • Abstract:
      Highlights •Predictors and consequences of cannabis use were examined in racially diverse sample.•Withdrawal and craving were robustly related to cannabis use.•Withdrawal, craving, and negative affect were higher prior to and lower after use.•Enhancement and coping motives were the most common reasons cited for use.•Withdrawal and craving were greater in social situations when others were using.
    • Abstract:
      Methods The sample consisted of 93 current cannabis users (34.4% female; 57.1% non-Hispanic Caucasian), 87.1% of whom evinced a current CUD. Ecological Momentary Assessment was used to collect frequent ratings of cannabis withdrawal, craving, affect, cannabis use motives, and peer cannabis use over two weeks. Mixed effects linear models examined within- and between-day correlates and consequences of cannabis use.
    • Abstract:
      Results Withdrawal and craving were higher on cannabis use days than non-use days. Withdrawal, craving, and positive and negative affect were higher immediately prior to cannabis use compared to non-use episodes. Withdrawal and craving were higher among those who subsequently used cannabis than those who did not. Cannabis use resulted in less subsequent withdrawal, craving, and negative affect. Enhancement and coping motives were the most common reasons cited for use. Withdrawal and negative affect were related to using cannabis for coping motives and social motives. Participants were most likely to use cannabis if others were using, and withdrawal and craving were greater in social situations when others were using.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Data support the contention that cannabis withdrawal and craving and affect and peer use play important roles in the maintenance of cannabis use.
    • ISSN:
      0376-8716
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022
    • Accession Number:
      S037687161402002X
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BUCKNER, J. D. et al. Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, [s. l.], v. 147, p. 20–25, 2015. DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S037687161402002X. Acesso em: 23 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Buckner JD, Zvolensky MJ, Crosby RD, Wonderlich SA, Ecker AH, Richter A. Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2015;147:20-25. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022
    • APA:
      Buckner, J. D., Zvolensky, M. J., Crosby, R. D., Wonderlich, S. A., Ecker, A. H., & Richter, A. (2015). Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 147, 20–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Buckner, Julia D., Michael J. Zvolensky, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Anthony H. Ecker, and Ashley Richter. 2015. “Antecedents and Consequences of Cannabis Use among Racially Diverse Cannabis Users: An Analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 147 (February): 20–25. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022.
    • Harvard:
      Buckner, J. D. et al. (2015) ‘Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 147, pp. 20–25. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Buckner, JD, Zvolensky, MJ, Crosby, RD, Wonderlich, SA, Ecker, AH & Richter, A 2015, ‘Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 147, pp. 20–25, viewed 23 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Buckner, Julia D., et al. “Antecedents and Consequences of Cannabis Use among Racially Diverse Cannabis Users: An Analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 147, Feb. 2015, pp. 20–25. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Buckner, Julia D., Michael J. Zvolensky, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Anthony H. Ecker, and Ashley Richter. “Antecedents and Consequences of Cannabis Use among Racially Diverse Cannabis Users: An Analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 147 (February 1, 2015): 20–25. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.022.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Buckner JD, Zvolensky MJ, Crosby RD, Wonderlich SA, Ecker AH, Richter A. Antecedents and consequences of cannabis use among racially diverse cannabis users: An analysis from Ecological Momentary Assessment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Internet]. 2015 Feb 1 [cited 2020 Sep 23];147:20–5. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S037687161402002X