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Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, United States
      b RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2665, United States
    • Keywords:
      Tobacco
      Marijuana
      Cannabis
      Co-use
      Homeless
      Youth
    • Abstract:
      Highlights •Most young tobacco users experiencing homelessness also use marijuana.•Co-administration is more common than using the products separately or tobacco only.•Co-administrators report more cigarette and marijuana use and poorer functioning.•Co-administration is associated with exposure to peers who engage in this behavior.•Correlates also include perceived health risk (but not cost) vis-à-vis cigarettes.
    • Abstract:
      Methods The analytic sample consisted of 449 unaccompanied homeless youth (mean age = 22; 72% male) who had used any type of tobacco product in the past 30 days. Participants were recruited from 12 service sites and 13 street sites in Los Angeles County.
    • Abstract:
      Results Over 90% of young homeless tobacco users reported past month marijuana and tobacco co-use: 65% reported any co-administration (mixing both substances in a cigarette, joint, blunt, bong, hookah, pipe or bowl) and 27% reported only using them separately. Analysis of covariance tests found that co-administrators reported greater quantity and frequency of tobacco cigarette use, more frequent marijuana use and, in some cases, poorer functioning and more severe homelessness compared to other tobacco users (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that co-administration was less likely among youth who were Black (vs. white) and who perceived it as being the same or more harmful than cigarette smoking, but more likely among youth who reported greater exposure to peers who engaged in co-administration (p < 0.05).
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Co-administration of tobacco and marijuana is prevalent among young tobacco users experiencing homelessness. Results add to a growing literature on the prevalence and potential risks of co-administration among young people that can inform policies aimed at regulating tobacco and marijuana products.
    • ISSN:
      0376-8716
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809
    • Accession Number:
      S0376871619305861
    • Copyright:
      © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TUCKER, J. S. et al. Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, [s. l.], v. 207, 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0376871619305861. Acesso em: 25 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Tucker JS, Shadel WG, Seelam R, Golinelli D, Siconolfi D. Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2020;207. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809
    • APA:
      Tucker, J. S., Shadel, W. G., Seelam, R., Golinelli, D., & Siconolfi, D. (2020). Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Tucker, Joan S., William G. Shadel, Rachana Seelam, Daniela Golinelli, and Daniel Siconolfi. 2020. “Co-Use of Tobacco and Marijuana among Young People Experiencing Homelessness in Los Angeles County.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 207 (February). doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809.
    • Harvard:
      Tucker, J. S. et al. (2020) ‘Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 207. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Tucker, JS, Shadel, WG, Seelam, R, Golinelli, D & Siconolfi, D 2020, ‘Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 207, viewed 25 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Tucker, Joan S., et al. “Co-Use of Tobacco and Marijuana among Young People Experiencing Homelessness in Los Angeles County.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 207, Feb. 2020. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Tucker, Joan S., William G. Shadel, Rachana Seelam, Daniela Golinelli, and Daniel Siconolfi. “Co-Use of Tobacco and Marijuana among Young People Experiencing Homelessness in Los Angeles County.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 207 (February 1, 2020). doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107809.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Tucker JS, Shadel WG, Seelam R, Golinelli D, Siconolfi D. Co-use of tobacco and marijuana among young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles County. Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Internet]. 2020 Feb 1 [cited 2020 Oct 25];207. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0376871619305861