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Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Center for Technology and Behavioral Health, 46 Centerra Parkway, Suite 315, Lebanon, NH, USA
      b Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Center for Behavioral Intervention Technologies (CBITs), 750 N. Lake Shore Drive Chicago, IL, 60611, USA
      c Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Box 8134, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA
    • Keywords:
      Cannabis
      Marijuana
      Delay discounting
      Cannabis coping motives
      Anxiety sensitivity
      Latent class analysis
    • Abstract:
      Highlights •Three latent cannabis frequency classes emerged from frequency of use measures.•Greater Delay Discounting and Coping Motives related to higher frequency classes.•Both may be useful treatment targets for preventing or reducing cannabis use.
    • Abstract:
      Methods In a large national sample of 2545 cannabis users, Latent Class Analysis was used to derive participant sub-classes based on two frequency indices, self-reported cannabis use days and times cannabis was used per day. Three classes emerged: Low (1–9 days/month, 1 time/day; 23 %), moderate (10–29 days/month, 2–3 times/day; 41 %), and high (30 days/month, ≥4 times/day; 36 %). Relationships among frequency classes and emotional regulation and impulsivity were assessed with a multinomial logistic regression.
    • Abstract:
      Results Higher frequency use was associated with greater DD (χ2 = 6.0, p = .05), greater CCM (χ2 = 73.3, p < .001), and lower cognitive AS (χ2 = 12.1, p = .002), when controlling for demographics, tobacco use, and number of cannabis administration methods. Frequency class and NU were not significantly associated.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Identifying meaningful patterns of cannabis use may improve our understanding of individual differences that increase risk of frequent or problematic cannabis use. Excessive delay discounting and using cannabis to cope with negative affect may be relevant targets for treatments designed to reduce cannabis use.
    • ISSN:
      0376-8716
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820
    • Accession Number:
      S0376871619305976
    • Copyright:
      © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SOFIS, M. J. et al. Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, [s. l.], v. 207, 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0376871619305976. Acesso em: 25 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Sofis MJ, Budney AJ, Stanger C, Knapp AA, Borodovsky JT. Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2020;207. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820
    • APA:
      Sofis, M. J., Budney, A. J., Stanger, C., Knapp, A. A., & Borodovsky, J. T. (2020). Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Sofis, Michael J., Alan J. Budney, Catherine Stanger, Ashley A. Knapp, and Jacob T. Borodovsky. 2020. “Greater Delay Discounting and Cannabis Coping Motives Are Associated with More Frequent Cannabis Use in a Large Sample of Adult Cannabis Users.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 207 (February). doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820.
    • Harvard:
      Sofis, M. J. et al. (2020) ‘Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 207. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Sofis, MJ, Budney, AJ, Stanger, C, Knapp, AA & Borodovsky, JT 2020, ‘Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 207, viewed 25 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Sofis, Michael J., et al. “Greater Delay Discounting and Cannabis Coping Motives Are Associated with More Frequent Cannabis Use in a Large Sample of Adult Cannabis Users.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 207, Feb. 2020. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Sofis, Michael J., Alan J. Budney, Catherine Stanger, Ashley A. Knapp, and Jacob T. Borodovsky. “Greater Delay Discounting and Cannabis Coping Motives Are Associated with More Frequent Cannabis Use in a Large Sample of Adult Cannabis Users.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 207 (February 1, 2020). doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107820.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Sofis MJ, Budney AJ, Stanger C, Knapp AA, Borodovsky JT. Greater delay discounting and cannabis coping motives are associated with more frequent cannabis use in a large sample of adult cannabis users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Internet]. 2020 Feb 1 [cited 2020 Oct 25];207. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0376871619305976