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What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake

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  • Additional Information
    • Note:
      STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.
      FUNDING/SUPPORT Research is supported by grant number R21DK091619 from the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Disease (Principal Investigator: Jerica M. Berge). Content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development or the National Institutes of Health.
    • Keywords:
      Family meals
      Direct observation
      Diet quality
      Meal screener
      Food availability
    • Abstract:
      Background Little is known about the healthfulness of foods offered at family meals or the relationship between the food’s healthfulness and child overall dietary intake.
    • Abstract:
      Design Direct observational, cross-sectional study.
    • Abstract:
      Participants/setting Primarily low-income, minority families (n=120) video recorded 8 days of family dinners and completed a corresponding meal screener. Dietary recalls were completed on the target child (6 to 12 years old). The Healthfulness of Meal Index was used to measure meal healthfulness and included component scores for whole fruit, 100% juice, vegetables, dark green vegetables, dairy, protein, added sugars, and high-sodium foods.
    • Abstract:
      Main outcome measures Child dietary intake measured by three 24-hour dietary recalls.
    • Abstract:
      Statistical analyses performed Linear regression models estimated the association between the healthfulness of foods served at dinner meals and overall child HEI.
    • Abstract:
      Results The majority of coded meals included foods from protein and high-sodium components; more than half included foods from dairy and vegetable components. Nearly half of the meals had an added-sugar component food (eg, soda or dessert). Few meals served foods from fruit, 100% juice, or dark green vegetable components. Many components served at family dinner meals were significantly associated with child daily intake of those same foods (ie, dark green vegetable, non−dark green vegetables, dairy, and added sugars). The Healthfulness of Meal Index total score was significantly associated with child HEI score.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions This study represents the first report of a new methodology to collect data of foods served at family dinners. Results indicated a significant association between the majority of components served at family dinner meals and child overall dietary intake. Validation of the Healthfulness of Meal Index and video-recorded family meal methodology is needed to strengthen these research methods for use in future studies.
    • ISSN:
      2212-2672
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006
    • Accession Number:
      S2212267216309522
    • Copyright:
      © 2017 by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TROFHOLZ, A. C. et al. What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, [s. l.], v. 117, n. 1, p. 102–109, 2017. DOI 10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S2212267216309522. Acesso em: 20 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Trofholz AC, Tate AD, Draxten ML, et al. What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2017;117(1):102-109. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006
    • APA:
      Trofholz, A. C., Tate, A. D., Draxten, M. L., Rowley, S. S., Schulte, A. K., Neumark-Sztainer, D., MacLehose, R. F., & Berge, J. M. (2017). What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(1), 102–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Trofholz, Amanda C., Allan D. Tate, Michelle L. Draxten, Seth S. Rowley, Anna K. Schulte, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, and Jerica M. Berge. 2017. “What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake.” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 117 (1): 102–9. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006.
    • Harvard:
      Trofholz, A. C. et al. (2017) ‘What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake’, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(1), pp. 102–109. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Trofholz, AC, Tate, AD, Draxten, ML, Rowley, SS, Schulte, AK, Neumark-Sztainer, D, MacLehose, RF & Berge, JM 2017, ‘What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake’, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 117, no. 1, pp. 102–109, viewed 20 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Trofholz, Amanda C., et al. “What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake.” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 117, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 102–109. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Trofholz, Amanda C., Allan D. Tate, Michelle L. Draxten, Seth S. Rowley, Anna K. Schulte, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, and Jerica M. Berge. “What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake.” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 117, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 102–9. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.08.006.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Trofholz AC, Tate AD, Draxten ML, Rowley SS, Schulte AK, Neumark-Sztainer D, et al. What’s Being Served for Dinner? An Exploratory Investigation of the Associations between the Healthfulness of Family Meals and Child Dietary Intake. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics [Internet]. 2017 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Sep 20];117(1):102–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S2212267216309522