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Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Assessed the salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) and diurnal cortisol in patients with mild Alzheimer disease (AD), their caregivers, and healthy older noncaregivers. The 19 patients with AD (mean age 75), 19 healthy caregivers (mean age 70), and 15 healthy noncaregivers (mean age 75) completed the Perceived Stress Scale and provided data on height, weight, and medication use. Saliva was collected within 5 minutes of waking, 30 minutes after waking, before lunch, 1 hour after lunch, and at 11 at night. Total cortisol for the day after adjusting for antidepressant use revealed a group effect, with patients and caregivers having higher cortisol values. Unlike the noncaregivers, both cortisol values of the caregivers and the patients increased between awakening and 30 minutes afterward. There were also group differences at awakening adjusting for antidepressant use and 30 minutes after waking adjusting for antidepressant use and wakening cortisol. Patients with AD and caregivers with higher cortisol values 30 minutes after waking also showed a trend toward higher perceived stress scores. (SW) (AgeLine Database, copyright 2008 EBSCO Publishing, Inc., all rights reserved)
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 0893-0341
    • Target Audience:
      Research
    • Availability:
      Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Web site: www.lww.com/product/?0893-0341
    • Accession Number:
      121913
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WAHBEH, H. et al. Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, [s. l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 181–183, 2008. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913. Acesso em: 22 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wahbeh H, Kishiyama SS, Zajdel D, Oken BS. Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders. 2008;22(2):181-183. Accessed October 22, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913
    • APA:
      Wahbeh, H., Kishiyama, S. S., Zajdel, D., & Oken, B. S. (2008). Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 22(2), 181–183.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wahbeh, Helane, Shirley S. Kishiyama, Daniel Zajdel, and Barry S. Oken. 2008. “Salivary Cortisol Awakening Response in Mild Alzheimer Disease, Caregivers, and Noncaregivers.” Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders 22 (2): 181–83. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913.
    • Harvard:
      Wahbeh, H. et al. (2008) ‘Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers’, Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 22(2), pp. 181–183. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913 (Accessed: 22 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wahbeh, H, Kishiyama, SS, Zajdel, D & Oken, BS 2008, ‘Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers’, Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 181–183, viewed 22 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wahbeh, Helane, et al. “Salivary Cortisol Awakening Response in Mild Alzheimer Disease, Caregivers, and Noncaregivers.” Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, vol. 22, no. 2, Mar. 2008, pp. 181–183. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wahbeh, Helane, Shirley S. Kishiyama, Daniel Zajdel, and Barry S. Oken. “Salivary Cortisol Awakening Response in Mild Alzheimer Disease, Caregivers, and Noncaregivers.” Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders 22, no. 2 (March 1, 2008): 181–83. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wahbeh H, Kishiyama SS, Zajdel D, Oken BS. Salivary cortisol awakening response in mild Alzheimer disease, caregivers, and noncaregivers. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders [Internet]. 2008 Mar 1 [cited 2020 Oct 22];22(2):181–3. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=121913