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Demand for physical activity: an application of Grossman's health demand model to the elderly population

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Lack of physical activity has been identified as one of the health issues facing Americans, including the older population. While the older population tends to have relatively worse health condition, this population has great potential in being actively involved in physical activity since this population is less restricted by familial responsibilities and more likely to be retired. This study examined the demand for physical activity among older adults in the United States based on Grossman's health demand model. Six hypotheses related to time spent on physical activity were derived from Grossman's health model and tested using the Health Retirement Survey (HRS) and its supplement survey, the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey (CAMS) 2001 and 2003. In order to better estimate the demand for physical activity based on Grossman's demand for health model, this study improved the usage of 4 variables: wage rate, asset, health depreciation rate, and price of medical care. Random-effect Tobit model and 3-stage least square estimations were used respectively to estimate reduced- and structural-forms of demand for time spent on physical activity. Only 1 of the 6 hypotheses, smoking variable, derived from a Grossman-based theoretical model was supported, as tested in the structural-form equation. Wage rate was found to be highly significant but in the opposite direction than predicted. This study exemplifies an approach of studying a public health issue using a health economics model. The operationalization of wage rate as market efficiency allows results of estimations, including those of health stock and medical care, to be generalized to the nonworking population. Smokers tend to spend the least amount of time in physical activity, followed by those who never smoked, which indicates that those who are more concerned about health changes (those who stopped smoking) tend to spend more time in physical activity. The insignificance of wealth implies that people with limited financial resources have access to physical activity. The simultaneous-equation estimation of the demands for health stock, medical care, and time spent on physical activity provides additional insights on the performance of health demand hypotheses in a simultaneous setting while taking into the account nonworking population. (Author Abstract, used by permission) (AgeLine Database, copyright 2008 EBSCO Publishing, Inc., all rights reserved)
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Dissertation ISBN: 978-054-936-1831831
    • Target Audience:
      Research
    • Availability:
      Full text available at: www.ohiolink.edu/etd/view.cgi?acc%5Fnum=osu1199127215 or www.ohiolink.edu/etd/send-pdf.cgi/AbdulRahman%20Mohd%20Fahzy.pdf?acc%5Fnum=osu1 199127215. ProQuest Information and Learning Company, 300 North Zeeb Road, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346, Telephone: 800-521-0600. Web site: www.umi.com/hp/Products/Dissertations.html
    • Accession Number:
      942406
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ABDUL-RAHMAN, M. F. Demand for physical activity: an application of Grossman’s health demand model to the elderly population. [s. l.]: UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI, 2008. ISBN 978-054-936-1831831. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Abdul-Rahman MF. Demand for Physical Activity: An Application of Grossman’s Health Demand Model to the Elderly Population. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI; 2008. Accessed September 25, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406
    • APA:
      Abdul-Rahman, M. F. (2008). Demand for physical activity: an application of Grossman’s health demand model to the elderly population. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Abdul-Rahman, Mohd Fahzy. 2008. Demand for Physical Activity: An Application of Grossman’s Health Demand Model to the Elderly Population. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406.
    • Harvard:
      Abdul-Rahman, M. F. (2008) Demand for physical activity: an application of Grossman’s health demand model to the elderly population. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406 (Accessed: 25 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Abdul-Rahman, MF 2008, Demand for physical activity: an application of Grossman’s health demand model to the elderly population, UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Abdul-Rahman, Mohd Fahzy. Demand for Physical Activity: An Application of Grossman’s Health Demand Model to the Elderly Population. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI, 2008. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Abdul-Rahman, Mohd Fahzy. Demand for Physical Activity: An Application of Grossman’s Health Demand Model to the Elderly Population. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI, 2008. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Abdul-Rahman MF. Demand for physical activity: an application of Grossman’s health demand model to the elderly population [Internet]. UMI Dissertation Services, ProQuest Information and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI; 2008 [cited 2020 Sep 25]. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=942406