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Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. To document short- and long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms following widowhood and to test whether these trajectories vary by gender and anticipatory spousal loss. Method. Eight waves of prospective panel data from the Health and Retirement Study, over a 14-year period, are used to evaluate gender differences in depressive symptoms following widowhood in late midlife. Short-term trajectories are modeled using a linear regression of change in Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) score on duration of widowhood. Long-term trajectories are modeled using a mixed-effects hierarchical linear model of CES-D scores over time. Results. We find no gender differences in bereavement effects on depressive symptoms in either short or long term, net of widowhood duration. When spousal death is anticipated, both men and women return to their prewidowhood levels of depressive symptoms within 24 months of becoming widowed. Across marital groups, the continuously married are better off compared with the widowed even prior to spousal loss, whereas early, long-term widowhood is associated with worse outcomes compared with late widowhood. Discussion. Although men and women do not differ in trajectories of depressive symptoms following widowhood, given similar circumstances, women are distinctly disadvantaged in that they are more likely to become widowed and under less favorable conditions. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      Adjustment; Gender differences; Widowhood.
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 1079-5014
    • Accession Number:
      EP100353738
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SASSON, I.; UMBERSON, D. J. Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, [s. l.], v. 69B, n. 1, p. 135–145, 2014. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738. Acesso em: 27 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Sasson I, Umberson DJ. Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2014;69B(1):135-145. Accessed October 27, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738
    • APA:
      Sasson, I., & Umberson, D. J. (2014). Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 69B(1), 135–145.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Sasson, Isaac, and Debra J. Umberson. 2014. “Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 69B (1): 135–45. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738.
    • Harvard:
      Sasson, I. and Umberson, D. J. (2014) ‘Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment’, Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 69B(1), pp. 135–145. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738 (Accessed: 27 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Sasson, I & Umberson, DJ 2014, ‘Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment’, Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 69B, no. 1, pp. 135–145, viewed 27 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Sasson, Isaac, and Debra J. Umberson. “Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 69B, no. 1, Jan. 2014, pp. 135–145. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Sasson, Isaac, and Debra J. Umberson. “Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 69B, no. 1 (January 1, 2014): 135–45. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Sasson I, Umberson DJ. Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences [Internet]. 2014 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Oct 27];69B(1):135–45. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP100353738