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Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Objectives: Little is known about the feasibility of smartphone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approaches to collect psychosocial data from older populations, especially disadvantaged older populations. In response to this gap, this report provides evidence of the feasibility and utility of a smartphone-based EMA approach for real-time assessment with older African Americans. In addition, we share lessons learned about how to improve utility. Methods: Ninety-seven older African Americans ages 55 and older (range: 55-95 years) used an Android smartphone loaded with an EMA application to provide data about their everyday activities and stress four times per day for seven consecutive days. Results: Exit interviews early in the study suggested enhancements to the EMA interface. Adherence was demonstrated with response completion rates of 92-98% on EMA measures and no participant attrition based on the EMA protocol. Discussion: Our findings suggest using a smartphone-based EMA approach for data collection is feasible and has utility with older African Americans. We most likely enhanced adherence by testing, training, monitoring, and adapting the EMA protocol using input from older adults early in the EMA design process. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      PSYCHOLOGY of black people; African Americans; Mobile technology; protocol improvement
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 1079-5014
    • Accession Number:
      EP124650369
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      FRITZ, H. et al. Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, [s. l.], v. 72, n. 5, p. 876–887, 2017. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369. Acesso em: 24 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Fritz H, Tarraf W, Saleh DJ, Cutchin MP. Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2017;72(5):876-887. Accessed September 24, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369
    • APA:
      Fritz, H., Tarraf, W., Saleh, D. J., & Cutchin, M. P. (2017). Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 72(5), 876–887.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Fritz, Heather, Wassim Tarraf, Dan J. Saleh, and Malcolm P. Cutchin. 2017. “Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 72 (5): 876–87. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369.
    • Harvard:
      Fritz, H. et al. (2017) ‘Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans’, Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 72(5), pp. 876–887. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369 (Accessed: 24 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Fritz, H, Tarraf, W, Saleh, DJ & Cutchin, MP 2017, ‘Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans’, Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 876–887, viewed 24 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Fritz, Heather, et al. “Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 72, no. 5, Sept. 2017, pp. 876–887. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Fritz, Heather, Wassim Tarraf, Dan J. Saleh, and Malcolm P. Cutchin. “Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 72, no. 5 (September 1, 2017): 876–87. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Fritz H, Tarraf W, Saleh DJ, Cutchin MP. Using a Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol With Community Dwelling Older African Americans. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences [Internet]. 2017 Sep 1 [cited 2020 Sep 24];72(5):876–87. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP124650369