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Age differences in adults' daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Prevailing research has suggested that social relationships get better with age, but this evidence has been largely based on studies with lengthy reporting intervals. Using an ecological momentary assessment approach, the present study examined age differences in several characteristics of social interactions as reported in near-real time: the frequency, quality, and partner type. Participants (N = 173) ages 20-79 years reported their social interactions at 5 random times throughout the day for 1 week. Results revealed that age was associated with higher frequency of interacting with family and lower frequency of interacting with peripheral partners. These age effects, however, became nonsignificant after accounting for contextual factors such as race, gender, education, employment status, family structure, and living arrangement. In contrast, a curvilinear relationship best characterized age differences in both positive and negative ratings of daily social interaction quality, with middle-aged adults reporting the lowest positive ratings and older adults reporting the lowest negative ratings among all ages. Contextual factors did not account for these patterns of age differences in interaction quality. Furthermore, the intraindividual variability of interaction frequency with peripheral partners, partner diversity, and interaction quality (positivity and negativity) was lower among older adults than among younger adults. Findings from the present study portray a nuanced picture of social interactions in daily life and advance the understanding of social interactions across the life span. (PsycINFO Database Record ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of Psychology & Aging is the property of American Psychological Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      RESEARCH funding
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 0882-7974
    • Accession Number:
      EP130252496
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ZHAOYANG RUIXUE et al. Age differences in adults’ daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology and Aging, [s. l.], v. 33, n. 4, p. 607–618, 2018. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496. Acesso em: 24 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, Sliwinski MJ, Martire LM, Smyth JM, Zhaoyang R. Age differences in adults’ daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology and Aging. 2018;33(4):607-618. Accessed September 24, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496
    • APA:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, Sliwinski, M. J., Martire, L. M., Smyth, J. M., & Zhaoyang, R. (2018). Age differences in adults’ daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology and Aging, 33(4), 607–618.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, Martin J. Sliwinski, Lynn M. Martire, Joshua M. Smyth, and Ruixue Zhaoyang. 2018. “Age Differences in Adults’ Daily Social Interactions: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Psychology and Aging 33 (4): 607–18. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496.
    • Harvard:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue et al. (2018) ‘Age differences in adults’ daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Psychology and Aging, 33(4), pp. 607–618. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496 (Accessed: 24 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, Sliwinski, MJ, Martire, LM, Smyth, JM & Zhaoyang, R 2018, ‘Age differences in adults’ daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Psychology and Aging, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 607–618, viewed 24 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, et al. “Age Differences in Adults’ Daily Social Interactions: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Psychology and Aging, vol. 33, no. 4, June 2018, pp. 607–618. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, Martin J. Sliwinski, Lynn M. Martire, Joshua M. Smyth, and Ruixue Zhaoyang. “Age Differences in Adults’ Daily Social Interactions: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Psychology and Aging 33, no. 4 (June 1, 2018): 607–18. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Zhaoyang Ruixue, Sliwinski MJ, Martire LM, Smyth JM, Zhaoyang R. Age differences in adults’ daily social interactions: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology and Aging [Internet]. 2018 Jun 1 [cited 2020 Sep 24];33(4):607–18. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP130252496