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Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Objectives Social integration (involvement with a diverse array of social ties) has been linked to positive outcomes including better physical health. Research has not investigated whether encounters with diverse social ties enhance individuals' daily behaviors. The objectives of this study were to assess whether social ties connect individuals to more diverse daily behaviors, physical activity, and nonsedentary time as well as more positive mood. Method Older adults (aged 65+, n = 313) provided information about their 10 closest social ties. Then they completed ecological momentary assessment (EMA) surveys every 3 hr for 5–6 days where they reported on social encounters and behaviors. They also wore Actical accelerometers to objectively measure physical activity. Results Multilevel models revealed that encounters with a greater variety of social ties was associated with engaging in a greater variety of behaviors, more objectively measured physical activity, and a smaller proportion of time spent sedentary. Encounters with weak ties/peripheral social ties accounted for this increased activity (compared to being alone or with close friends or family). Moreover, involvement with diverse ties or diverse behaviors was associated with better mood. Discussion Findings are discussed in terms of social engagement theory, network diversity, and the benefits of weak ties. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      ACCELEROMETERS; AFFECT (Psychology); Accelerometer; Actical; Actigraphy; Ecological momentary assessment; EMA
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 1079-5014
    • Accession Number:
      EP141288324
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      FINGERMAN, K. L. et al. Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, [s. l.], v. 75, n. 2, p. 377–388, 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Fingerman KL, Huo M, Charles ST, Umberson DJ. Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2020;75(2):377-388. Accessed September 26, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324
    • APA:
      Fingerman, K. L., Huo, M., Charles, S. T., & Umberson, D. J. (2020). Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 75(2), 377–388.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Fingerman, Karen L, Meng Huo, Susan T Charles, and Debra J Umberson. 2020. “Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 75 (2): 377–88. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324.
    • Harvard:
      Fingerman, K. L. et al. (2020) ‘Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity’, Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 75(2), pp. 377–388. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324 (Accessed: 26 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Fingerman, KL, Huo, M, Charles, ST & Umberson, DJ 2020, ‘Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity’, Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 377–388, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Fingerman, Karen L., et al. “Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 75, no. 2, Feb. 2020, pp. 377–388. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Fingerman, Karen L, Meng Huo, Susan T Charles, and Debra J Umberson. “Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity.” Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 75, no. 2 (February 1, 2020): 377–88. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Fingerman KL, Huo M, Charles ST, Umberson DJ. Variety Is the Spice of Late Life: Social Integration and Daily Activity. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences [Internet]. 2020 Feb 1 [cited 2020 Sep 26];75(2):377–88. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP141288324