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Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early?

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Background older workers experiencing chronic health conditions (CHCs) are more likely to retire early. The different pathways through which CHCs stimulate retirement preferences, however, remain largely unexplored. Objective we present a more comprehensive model in which we test the different pathways through which four specific CHCs—arthritis, cardiovascular disease, sleep disorders and psychological disorders—influence early retirement preferences. We hypothesize that the association between CHCs and early retirement preferences is differentially mediated by subjective life expectancy (SLE), perceived health-related work limitations (HRWL) and vitality. Methods we collected data from 5,696 wage-employed older workers (60 to 64 years) in the Netherlands in 2015. Regression models were estimated to examine the associations between CHCs and early retirement preferences. Mediation analysis with the Karlson, Holm and Breen method was used to examine potential mediation pathways. Results SLE, HRWL and vitality mediated the association between CHCs and older workers' early retirement preferences. The dominant mediator differed depending on the CHC. Severe HRWL predominantly guided the retirement preferences of older workers with arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Lower vitality mainly mediated retirement preferences of older workers with sleep and psychological disorders. Lower SLE was a significant mediation pathway for older workers with cardiovascular diseases. Conclusions HRWL and vitality play a major role in determining retirement preferences of older workers experiencing CHCs. Since both mediators are modifiable, targeted interventions may not only extend older workers' working lives, but also improve the quality of their working lives. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of Age & Ageing is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      ARTHRITIS diagnosis; CARDIOVASCULAR disease diagnosis; ageing workers; chronic conditions; mediation; older people
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 0002-0729
    • Accession Number:
      EP142948392
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VANAJAN, A.; BÜLTMANN, U.; HENKENS, K. Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early? Age and Ageing, [s. l.], v. 49, n. 3, p. 403–410, 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392. Acesso em: 27 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Vanajan A, Bültmann U, Henkens K. Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early? Age and Ageing. 2020;49(3):403-410. Accessed October 27, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392
    • APA:
      Vanajan, A., Bültmann, U., & Henkens, K. (2020). Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early? Age and Ageing, 49(3), 403–410.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Vanajan, Anushiya, Ute Bültmann, and Kène Henkens. 2020. “Why Do Older Workers with Chronic Health Conditions Prefer to Retire Early?” Age and Ageing 49 (3): 403–10. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392.
    • Harvard:
      Vanajan, A., Bültmann, U. and Henkens, K. (2020) ‘Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early?’, Age and Ageing, 49(3), pp. 403–410. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392 (Accessed: 27 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Vanajan, A, Bültmann, U & Henkens, K 2020, ‘Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early?’, Age and Ageing, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 403–410, viewed 27 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Vanajan, Anushiya, et al. “Why Do Older Workers with Chronic Health Conditions Prefer to Retire Early?” Age and Ageing, vol. 49, no. 3, May 2020, pp. 403–410. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Vanajan, Anushiya, Ute Bültmann, and Kène Henkens. “Why Do Older Workers with Chronic Health Conditions Prefer to Retire Early?” Age and Ageing 49, no. 3 (May 1, 2020): 403–10. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Vanajan A, Bültmann U, Henkens K. Why do older workers with chronic health conditions prefer to retire early? Age and Ageing [Internet]. 2020 May 1 [cited 2020 Oct 27];49(3):403–10. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP142948392