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Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Background:Chronic stress negatively affects health and well-being. A growing population of informal dementia caregivers experience chronic stress associated with extraordinary demands of caring for a relative with dementia. This review summarizes physiological and functional changes due to chronic dementia caregiver stress.Methods:A literature search for papers assessing effects of dementia caregiving was conducted focusing on publications evaluating differences between caregivers and non-caregivers in objective measures of health and cognition.Results:The review identified 37 studies describing data from 4,145 participants including 749 dementia caregivers and 3,396 non-caregiver peers. Objective outcome measures affected in dementia caregivers included markers of dyscoagulation, inflammation, and cell aging as well as measures of immune function, sleep, and cognition. Though diverse in designs, samples, and study quality, the majority of the studies indicated increased vulnerability of dementia caregivers to detrimental changes in health and cognition. Demographic and personality characteristics moderating or mediating effects of chronic stress in caregivers were also reviewed.Conclusions:There is accumulating evidence that chronic dementia caregiver stress increases their vulnerability to disease and diminishes their ability to provide optimal care. Clinicians and society need to appreciate the extent of deleterious effects of chronic stress on dementia caregiver health. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of International Psychogeriatrics is the property of Cambridge University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      cognition; dementia caregivers; health; physiological marker; sleep quality
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 1041-6102
    • Accession Number:
      EP95319589
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      FONAREVA, I.; OKEN, B. S. Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, [s. l.], v. 26, n. 5, p. 725–747, 2014. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589. Acesso em: 24 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Fonareva I, Oken BS. Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics. 2014;26(5):725-747. Accessed October 24, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589
    • APA:
      Fonareva, I., & Oken, B. S. (2014). Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 26(5), 725–747.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Fonareva, Irina, and Barry S. Oken. 2014. “Physiological and Functional Consequences of Caregiving for Relatives with Dementia.” International Psychogeriatrics 26 (5): 725–47. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589.
    • Harvard:
      Fonareva, I. and Oken, B. S. (2014) ‘Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia’, International Psychogeriatrics, 26(5), pp. 725–747. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589 (Accessed: 24 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Fonareva, I & Oken, BS 2014, ‘Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia’, International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 725–747, viewed 24 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Fonareva, Irina, and Barry S. Oken. “Physiological and Functional Consequences of Caregiving for Relatives with Dementia.” International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 26, no. 5, May 2014, pp. 725–747. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Fonareva, Irina, and Barry S. Oken. “Physiological and Functional Consequences of Caregiving for Relatives with Dementia.” International Psychogeriatrics 26, no. 5 (May 1, 2014): 725–47. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Fonareva I, Oken BS. Physiological and functional consequences of caregiving for relatives with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics [Internet]. 2014 May 1 [cited 2020 Oct 24];26(5):725–47. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP95319589