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Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Abstract:
      Experiencing positive and negative emotions together (i.e., co-occurrence) has been described as a marker of positive adaptation during stress and a strength of socioemotional aging. Using data from daily diary (N = 2,022; ages 33-84) and ecological momentary assessment (N = 190; ages 20-80) studies, we evaluate the utility of a common operationalization of co-occurrence, the within-person correlation between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA). Then we test competing predictions regarding when co-occurrence will be observed and whether age differences will be present. Results indicate that the correlation is not an informative indicator of co-occurrence. Although correlations were stronger and more negative when stressors occurred (typically interpreted as lower co-occurrence), objective counts of emotion reports indicated that positive and negative emotions were 3 to 4 times more likely to co-occur when stressors were reported. This suggests that co-occurrence reflects the extent to which negative emotions intrude on typically positive emotional states, rather than the extent to which people maintain positive emotions during stress. The variances of both PA and NA increased at stressor reports, indicating that individuals reported a broader not narrower range of emotion during stress. Finally, older age was associated with less variability in NA and a lower likelihood of co-occurring positive and negative emotions. In sum, these findings cast doubt on the utility of the PA-NA correlation as an index of emotional co-occurrence, and question notion that greater emotional co-occurrence represents either a typical or adaptive emotional state in adults. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR (Copyright of Psychology & Aging is the property of American Psychological Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.)
    • Accession Number:
      AFFECT (Psychology); ECOLOGICAL momentary assessments (Clinical psychology); co-occurrence; emotional complexity; mixed emotions
    • Publication Information:
      Publication Type: Journal Article ISSN: 0882-7974
    • Accession Number:
      EP98398697
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SCOTT, S. B. et al. Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences. Psychology and Aging, [s. l.], v. 29, n. 3, p. 577–587, 2014. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697. Acesso em: 25 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Scott SB, Sliwinski MJ, Mogle JA, Almeida DM. Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences. Psychology and Aging. 2014;29(3):577-587. Accessed October 25, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697
    • APA:
      Scott, S. B., Sliwinski, M. J., Mogle, J. A., & Almeida, D. M. (2014). Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences. Psychology and Aging, 29(3), 577–587.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Scott, Stacey B., Martin J. Sliwinski, Jacqueline A. Mogle, and David M. Almeida. 2014. “Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences.” Psychology and Aging 29 (3): 577–87. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697.
    • Harvard:
      Scott, S. B. et al. (2014) ‘Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences’, Psychology and Aging, 29(3), pp. 577–587. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697 (Accessed: 25 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Scott, SB, Sliwinski, MJ, Mogle, JA & Almeida, DM 2014, ‘Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences’, Psychology and Aging, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 577–587, viewed 25 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Scott, Stacey B., et al. “Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences.” Psychology and Aging, vol. 29, no. 3, Sept. 2014, pp. 577–587. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Scott, Stacey B., Martin J. Sliwinski, Jacqueline A. Mogle, and David M. Almeida. “Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences.” Psychology and Aging 29, no. 3 (September 1, 2014): 577–87. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Scott SB, Sliwinski MJ, Mogle JA, Almeida DM. Age, Stress, and Emotional Complexity: Results From Two Studies of Daily Experiences. Psychology and Aging [Internet]. 2014 Sep 1 [cited 2020 Oct 25];29(3):577–87. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=gnh&AN=EP98398697