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Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Publication Information:
      Sweden
    • Abstract:
      This doctoral thesis aimed to investigate the impact of early skin-to-skin contact on maternal, paternal and infant interaction immediately after caesarean section and personality profile in mothers (papers I-III). Furthermore, skin-to-skin contact between mothers and infants as a method to solve severe latch-on breastfeeding problems, even weeks after birth, was evaluated (paper IV). Data were collected from Danderyds Hospital (1997-2001) for papers I-III and from both Danderyds Hospital and Karolinska University Hospital (1998-2004) in Sweden for paper IV. 37 healthy infants born to primiparas were randomized to 25 minutes of skin-to-skin contact with either their fathers or mothers after 5 minutes of skin-to-skin contact with their mothers after birth or a group. Interaction behaviours were compared between the skin-to-skin groups and their controls. Blood samples were taken for analysis of oxytocin with radio-immunoassay in both mothers and fathers every 5 minutes for the first 45 minutes after birth and then every 15 minutes, up to 2 h after childbirth. The mothers were asked to fill in the Karolinska Scale of Personality (KSP). On the other hand, 103 healthy mother-infant pairs with severe latch-on problems were randomly assigned to breastfeeding during skin-to-skin contact (SSC-group) or not (control group). Breastfeeding counselling was given to both groups. The mothers completed the Breastfeeding Emotional Scale (BES) before and after the breastfeeding session. The results showed that infants' soliciting sounds increased over time. The fathers in skin-to-skin contact performed more soliciting responses than control fathers. Infants in skin-to-skin contact with mothers cried significantly more than infants in skin-to-skin contact with fathers, and girls cried more than boys in skin-to-skin-contact with either parent. Mothers touched the girls less than boys. Fathers directed less speech towards girls compared to boys. Girls initiated breastfeeding behaviour earlier than boys in skin-to-skin-contact with either parent. Infants started to breastfeed significantly earlier if they had uninterrupted skin-to-skin contact with mothers during the first 5-30 minutes. Both mothers and fathers showed a slight increase in oxytocin levels after birth irrespective of being in skin-to-skin contact with the infant or not. In mothers, oxytocin infusion alone caused lower scores in detachment and also in somatic anxiety. In contrast, skin-to-skin contact mothers with oxytocin infusion showed higher scores on somatic anxiety than their controls. The infants with latch-on problems began to breastfeed after significantly shorter time than infants in the control group, and had more positive breastfeeding experiences according to the BES after the intervention than mothers in the control group. It is concluded that skin-to-skin contact immediately after a caesarean section enhances parental-infant interaction, but there are no differences in mean oxytocin levels between those in skin-to-skin contact and those not.
    • Number of References:
      many ref.
    • Subject Terms:
      Human Nutrition;Dairy Science
    • Subject Terms:
    • Accession Number:
      dermis, ocytocin, parent child interactions
    • CABICODES:
      Social Psychology and Social Anthropology (UU485) (New March 2000)
      Human Nutrition (General) (VV100)
      Physiology of Human Nutrition (VV120)
    • Accession Number:
      50-56-6
    • Publication Information:
      Thesis; ISBN:9789174576856URL:http://publications.ki.se/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10616/40879/Thesis_Marianne_Velandia.pdf?sequence=1
    • Accession Number:
      20133268578
    • Copyright:
      ©2013 CAB International
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VELANDIA, M. Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies. 2012. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Sweden, 2012. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578. Acesso em: 23 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Velandia M. Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies. Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies. 2012:93. Accessed November 23, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578
    • APA:
      Velandia, M. (2012). Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies [Karolinska Institutet]. In Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies (p. 93).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Velandia, M. 2012. “Parent-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact Studies.” Parent-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact Studies. Stockholm; Sweden: Karolinska Institutet. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578.
    • Harvard:
      Velandia, M. (2012) Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies, Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies. Karolinska Institutet. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578 (Accessed: 23 November 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Velandia, M 2012, ‘Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies’, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Sweden, Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies, p. 93, viewed 23 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Velandia, M. “Parent-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact Studies.” Parent-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact Studies, Karolinska Institutet, 2012, p. 93. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Velandia, M. “Parent-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact Studies.” Parent-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact Studies. Karolinska Institutet, 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Velandia M. Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies [Internet]. Parent-infant skin-to-skin contact studies. [Stockholm; Sweden]: Karolinska Institutet; 2012 [cited 2020 Nov 23]. p. 93. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lhh&AN=20133268578