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What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents?

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  • Publication Date:
    10/01/2019
  • Additional Information
    • Clinical Answer:
      Low‐certainty evidence suggests that diet plus exercise interventions for adolescents (aged 13 to 18 years) have little to no effect on body mass index (whether adjusted for age and sex or not). High‐certainty evidence shows that such interventions had little to no impact on depression and anxiety symptoms. Researchers observed similar rates of shape and weight concern with and without a diet plus exercise intervention in girls and boys (low‐certainty evidence). No trial used a direct measure of body fat to assess obesity or had sufficient follow‐up to assess the impact of the intervention on lifestyle choices during adulthood. It is worth noting that studies were conducted in the general adolescent population, not in adolescents at risk of developing obesity, although 11 of the 12 trials were conducted in high‐income countries where obesity is most prevalent. Available evidence is insufficient to allow firm conclusions as to the benefits and harms of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents.
    • Accession Number:
      10.1002/cca.2704
    • Rights:
      Copyright Cochrane Innovations and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2015. All rights reserved.
    • Accession Number:
      cca2704
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BURCH, J.; GUPTA, A. What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents? Cochrane Clinical Answers, [s. l.], 2019. DOI 10.1002/cca.2704. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lsdcca&AN=cca2704. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Burch J, Gupta A. What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents? Cochrane Clinical Answers. October 2019. doi:10.1002/cca.2704
    • APA:
      Burch, J., & Gupta, A. (2019). What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents? Cochrane Clinical Answers. https://doi.org/10.1002/cca.2704
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Burch, Jane, and Adarsh Gupta. 2019. “What Are the Effects of Diet plus Exercise Interventions for Preventing Obesity in Adolescents?” Cochrane Clinical Answers, October. doi:10.1002/cca.2704.
    • Harvard:
      Burch, J. and Gupta, A. (2019) ‘What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents?’, Cochrane Clinical Answers. doi: 10.1002/cca.2704.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Burch, J & Gupta, A 2019, ‘What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents?’, Cochrane Clinical Answers, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Burch, Jane, and Adarsh Gupta. “What Are the Effects of Diet plus Exercise Interventions for Preventing Obesity in Adolescents?” Cochrane Clinical Answers, Oct. 2019. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1002/cca.2704.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Burch, Jane, and Adarsh Gupta. “What Are the Effects of Diet plus Exercise Interventions for Preventing Obesity in Adolescents?” Cochrane Clinical Answers, October 1, 2019. doi:10.1002/cca.2704.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Burch J, Gupta A. What are the effects of diet plus exercise interventions for preventing obesity in adolescents? Cochrane Clinical Answers [Internet]. 2019 Oct 1 [cited 2020 Nov 24]; Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=lsdcca&AN=cca2704