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Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women.

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  • Author(s): Räikkönen K;Räikkönen K; Matthews KA; Kuller LH
  • Source:
    International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity [Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord] 1999 Aug; Vol. 23 (8), pp. 775-82.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Nature Publishing Group Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 9313169 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print NLM ISO Abbreviation: Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: <2003->: London : Nature Publishing Group
      Original Publication: Hampshire, UK : Macmillan Press, c1992-c2004.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective: To identify the best predictor among waist circumference, waist to hip ratio (WHR), weight and body mass index (BMI) of visceral obesity across 8.5-10.8 y. We also examined whether changes in waist across the study period co-occur with changes in psychosocial distress or quality of life, and tested whether action levels of waist (level 1 < 80 cm, level 1-2: 80-87.9 cm, level 2 > or = 88 cm) differentiate between women with varying levels of psychosocial distress and quality of life.
      Subjects and Measurements: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) was determined by computerized-tomography at the L4-L5 disc space, and waist circumference, WHR, weight and BMI by anthropometric techniques in a population-based sample of postmenopausal Healthy Women Study participants. Psychosocial distress and quality of life were assessed by standardized tests of personality and behavior. The n varied from 120-345, depending on the research question.
      Results: Waist circumference was superior over the other anthropometric measures in predicting VAT accounting for 40.1-63.5% of the variance in VAT over the study period (P < 0.001). Associations between symptoms of depression, anxiety or distress, low levels of social support or impaired quality of life with waist circumference were cross-sectional (P < 0.04), with lower levels of distress and less impaired daily functioning being characteristic to women at the action level 1 relative to levels 1-2 or 2. Increasing anger over time was associated longitudinally with increasing waist circumference (P < 0.03).
      Conclusions: Identification of healthy women with large waist circumferences is important for prevention and intervention of poor quality of life and chronic disease.
    • Grant Information:
      HL28266 United States HL NHLBI NIH HHS
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 19990922 Date Completed: 19991012 Latest Revision: 20191024
    • Publication Date:
      20200827
    • Accession Number:
      10490776
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RÄIKKÖNEN, K.; MATTHEWS, K. A.; KULLER, L. H. Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, [s. l.], v. 23, n. 8, p. 775–782, 1999. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776. Acesso em: 20 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Räikkönen K, Matthews KA, Kuller LH. Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 1999;23(8):775-782. Accessed October 20, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776
    • APA:
      Räikkönen, K., Matthews, K. A., & Kuller, L. H. (1999). Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 23(8), 775–782.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Räikkönen, K, K A Matthews, and L H Kuller. 1999. “Anthropometric and Psychosocial Determinants of Visceral Obesity in Healthy Postmenopausal Women.” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 23 (8): 775–82. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776.
    • Harvard:
      Räikkönen, K., Matthews, K. A. and Kuller, L. H. (1999) ‘Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women’, International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 23(8), pp. 775–782. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776 (Accessed: 20 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Räikkönen, K, Matthews, KA & Kuller, LH 1999, ‘Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women’, International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 775–782, viewed 20 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Räikkönen, K., et al. “Anthropometric and Psychosocial Determinants of Visceral Obesity in Healthy Postmenopausal Women.” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 23, no. 8, Aug. 1999, pp. 775–782. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Räikkönen, K, K A Matthews, and L H Kuller. “Anthropometric and Psychosocial Determinants of Visceral Obesity in Healthy Postmenopausal Women.” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 23, no. 8 (August 1999): 775–82. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Räikkönen K, Matthews KA, Kuller LH. Anthropometric and psychosocial determinants of visceral obesity in healthy postmenopausal women. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity [Internet]. 1999 Aug [cited 2020 Oct 20];23(8):775–82. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=10490776