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Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition.

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  • Author(s): Stieger S;Stieger S; Göritz AS; Voracek M
  • Source:
    Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking [Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw] 2011 May; Vol. 14 (5), pp. 327-30. Date of Electronic Publication: 2010 Oct 23.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 101528721 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 2152-2723 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 21522715 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: New Rochelle, NY : Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      In Web-based studies, Web browsers are used to display online questionnaires. If an online questionnaire relies on non-standard technologies (e.g., Java applets), it is often necessary to install a particular browser plug-in. This can lead to technically induced dropout because some participants lack the technological know-how or the willingness to install the plug-in. In two thematically identical online studies conducted across two time points in two different participant pools (N = 1,527 and 805), we analyzed whether using a Java applet produces dropout and distortion of demographics in the final sample. Dropout was significantly higher on the Java applet questionnaire page than on the preceding and subsequent questionnaire pages. Age-specific effects were found only in one sample (i.e., dropouts were older), whereas sex-specific effects were found in both samples (i.e., women dropped out more frequently than men on the Java applet page). These results additionally support the recommendation that using additional technologies (e.g., Java applets) can be dangerous in producing a sample that is biased toward both younger and male respondents.
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20101026 Date Completed: 20110912 Latest Revision: 20160511
    • Publication Date:
      20200827
    • Accession Number:
      10.1089/cyber.2010.0052
    • Accession Number:
      20969454
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      STIEGER, S.; GÖRITZ, A. S.; VORACEK, M. Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 5, p. 327–330, 2011. DOI 10.1089/cyber.2010.0052. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=20969454. Acesso em: 20 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Stieger S, Göritz AS, Voracek M. Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. 2011;14(5):327-330. doi:10.1089/cyber.2010.0052
    • APA:
      Stieger, S., Göritz, A. S., & Voracek, M. (2011). Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14(5), 327–330. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2010.0052
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Stieger, Stefan, Anja S Göritz, and Martin Voracek. 2011. “Handle with Care: The Impact of Using Java Applets in Web-Based Studies on Dropout and Sample Composition.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking 14 (5): 327–30. doi:10.1089/cyber.2010.0052.
    • Harvard:
      Stieger, S., Göritz, A. S. and Voracek, M. (2011) ‘Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition’, Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking, 14(5), pp. 327–330. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2010.0052.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Stieger, S, Göritz, AS & Voracek, M 2011, ‘Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition’, Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 327–330, viewed 20 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Stieger, Stefan, et al. “Handle with Care: The Impact of Using Java Applets in Web-Based Studies on Dropout and Sample Composition.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, vol. 14, no. 5, May 2011, pp. 327–330. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1089/cyber.2010.0052.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Stieger, Stefan, Anja S Göritz, and Martin Voracek. “Handle with Care: The Impact of Using Java Applets in Web-Based Studies on Dropout and Sample Composition.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking 14, no. 5 (May 2011): 327–30. doi:10.1089/cyber.2010.0052.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Stieger S, Göritz AS, Voracek M. Handle with care: the impact of using Java applets in Web-based studies on dropout and sample composition. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking [Internet]. 2011 May [cited 2020 Oct 20];14(5):327–30. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=20969454