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Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Elsevier Science Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 7603486 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1873-6327 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 03064603 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Addict Behav Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: Oxford : Elsevier Science
      Original Publication: Oxford, Elmsford, N. Y., Pergamon Press.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Introduction: Many African Americans live in communities with a disproportionately high density of tobacco advertisements compared to Whites. Some research indicates that point-of-sale advertising is associated with impulse purchases of cigarettes and smoking. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) can be used to examine associations between tobacco advertisement exposure and smoking variables in the natural environment.
      Methods: Non-treatment seeking African American smokers were given a mobile device for 2weeks (N=56). They were prompted four times per day and responded to questions about recent exposure to tobacco advertisements. Participants were also asked to indicate the number of cigarettes smoked, and if they made any purchase, or an impulse purchase, since the last assessment. Linear mixed models (LMMs) analyzed between- and within-subject associations between exposure and outcomes.
      Results: Participants reported seeing at least one advertisement on 33% of assessments. Of those assessments, they reported seeing menthol advertisements on 87% of assessments. Between-subject analyses revealed that participants who on average saw more advertisements were generally more likely to report purchasing cigarettes and to purchase cigarettes on impulse. Within-subject analyses revealed that when an individual participant reported seeing more advertisements than usual they were more likely to have reported purchasing cigarettes, making an impulse purchase and smoking more cigarettes during the same period, but not the subsequent time period.
      Conclusions: Many African American smokers are frequently exposed to pro-tobacco marketing. Advertisement exposure is cross-sectionally associated with impulse purchases and smoking. Future research should assess prospective associations in more detail.
      (Published by Elsevier Ltd.)
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    • Grant Information:
      F31 CA180625 United States CA NCI NIH HHS
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: African Americans*; Ecological momentary assessment*; Minority health*; Tobacco*; Tobacco advertising*
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20171128 Date Completed: 20191015 Latest Revision: 20191210
    • Publication Date:
      20200827
    • Accession Number:
      PMC5916503
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • Accession Number:
      29174665
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ROBINSON, C. D. et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive behaviors, [s. l.], v. 83, p. 142–147, 2018. DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=29174665. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive behaviors. 2018;83:142-147. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • APA:
      Robinson, C. D., Muench, C., Brede, E., Endrighi, R., Szeto, E. H., Sells, J. R., Lammers, J. P., Okuyemi, K. S., Izmirlian, G., & Waters, A. J. (2018). Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive Behaviors, 83, 142–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Robinson, Cendrine D, Christine Muench, Emily Brede, Romano Endrighi, Edwin H Szeto, Joanna R Sells, John P Lammers, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Grant Izmirlian, and Andrew J Waters. 2018. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 83 (August): 142–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Harvard:
      Robinson, C. D. et al. (2018) ‘Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Addictive behaviors, 83, pp. 142–147. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Robinson, CD, Muench, C, Brede, E, Endrighi, R, Szeto, EH, Sells, JR, Lammers, JP, Okuyemi, KS, Izmirlian, G & Waters, AJ 2018, ‘Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Addictive behaviors, vol. 83, pp. 142–147, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Robinson, Cendrine D., et al. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 83, Aug. 2018, pp. 142–147. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Robinson, Cendrine D, Christine Muench, Emily Brede, Romano Endrighi, Edwin H Szeto, Joanna R Sells, John P Lammers, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Grant Izmirlian, and Andrew J Waters. “Pro-Tobacco Advertisement Exposure among African American Smokers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Addictive Behaviors 83 (August 2018): 142–47. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.015.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Robinson CD, Muench C, Brede E, Endrighi R, Szeto EH, Sells JR, et al. Pro-tobacco advertisement exposure among African American smokers: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addictive behaviors [Internet]. 2018 Aug [cited 2020 Sep 26];83:142–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=29174665