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An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Cambridge University Press Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 1254142 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1469-8978 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 00332917 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Psychol Med Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: London : Cambridge University Press
      Original Publication: London, British Medical Assn.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Prior studies using self-report questionnaires and laboratory-based methods suggest that schizophrenia is characterized by abnormalities in emotion regulation (i.e. using strategies to increase or decrease the frequency, duration, or intensity of negative emotion). However, it is unclear whether these abnormalities reflect poor emotion regulation effort or adequate effort, but limited effectiveness. It is also unclear whether dysfunction results primarily from one of the three stages of the emotion regulation process: identification, selection, or implementation.
      Method: The current study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to address these questions in the context of everyday activities. Participants included 28 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia (SZ) and 28 demographically matched healthy controls (CN) who completed 6 days of EMA reports of in-the-moment emotional experience, emotion regulation strategy use, and context.
      Results: Results indicated that SZ demonstrated adequate emotion regulation effort, but poor effectiveness. Abnormalities were observed at each of the three stages of the emotion regulation process. At the identification stage, SZ initiated emotion regulation efforts at a lower threshold of negative emotion intensity. At the selection stage, SZ selected more strategies than CN and strategies attempted were less contextually appropriate. At the implementation stage, moderate to high levels of effort were ineffective at decreasing negative emotion.
      Conclusions: Findings suggest that although SZ attempt to control their emotions using various strategies, often applying more effort than CN, these efforts are unsuccessful; emotion regulation abnormalities may result from difficulties at the identification, selection, and implementation stages.
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: Affect*; experience sampling*; psychosis*
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20180125 Date Completed: 20190621 Latest Revision: 20190621
    • Publication Date:
      20200827
    • Accession Number:
      10.1017/S0033291717003865
    • Accession Number:
      29361997
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VISSER, K. F. et al. An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia. Psychological medicine, [s. l.], v. 48, n. 14, p. 2337–2345, 2018. DOI 10.1017/S0033291717003865. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=29361997. Acesso em: 28 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Visser KF, Esfahlani FZ, Sayama H, Strauss GP. An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia. Psychological medicine. 2018;48(14):2337-2345. doi:10.1017/S0033291717003865
    • APA:
      Visser, K. F., Esfahlani, F. Z., Sayama, H., & Strauss, G. P. (2018). An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 48(14), 2337–2345. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717003865
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Visser, Katherine Frost, Farnaz Zamani Esfahlani, Hiroki Sayama, and Gregory P Strauss. 2018. “An Ecological Momentary Assessment Evaluation of Emotion Regulation Abnormalities in Schizophrenia.” Psychological Medicine 48 (14): 2337–45. doi:10.1017/S0033291717003865.
    • Harvard:
      Visser, K. F. et al. (2018) ‘An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia’, Psychological medicine, 48(14), pp. 2337–2345. doi: 10.1017/S0033291717003865.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Visser, KF, Esfahlani, FZ, Sayama, H & Strauss, GP 2018, ‘An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia’, Psychological medicine, vol. 48, no. 14, pp. 2337–2345, viewed 28 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Visser, Katherine Frost, et al. “An Ecological Momentary Assessment Evaluation of Emotion Regulation Abnormalities in Schizophrenia.” Psychological Medicine, vol. 48, no. 14, Oct. 2018, pp. 2337–2345. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1017/S0033291717003865.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Visser, Katherine Frost, Farnaz Zamani Esfahlani, Hiroki Sayama, and Gregory P Strauss. “An Ecological Momentary Assessment Evaluation of Emotion Regulation Abnormalities in Schizophrenia.” Psychological Medicine 48, no. 14 (October 2018): 2337–45. doi:10.1017/S0033291717003865.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Visser KF, Esfahlani FZ, Sayama H, Strauss GP. An ecological momentary assessment evaluation of emotion regulation abnormalities in schizophrenia. Psychological medicine [Internet]. 2018 Oct [cited 2020 Sep 28];48(14):2337–45. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=29361997