Error message

EDS Server Issue
Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: American Psychological Association Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 8802734 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1939-1501 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 0893164X NLM ISO Abbreviation: Psychol Addict Behav Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: Washington, DC : American Psychological Association
      Original Publication: Indianapolis, Ind. : The Society, [1987-
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Research has suggested that individuals with greater dispositional mindfulness (i.e., nonjudgmental, present-focused attention) are more likely to quit smoking, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This study investigated mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Participants were 355 smokers (33% Caucasian, 33% African American, 32% Latino; 55% female) receiving smoking cessation treatment. Mindfulness was assessed at baseline and on the quit date. For 4 days prequit and 1 week postquit, participants completed up to 4 EMAs per day indicating levels of negative affect (NA), positive affect (PA), smoking urges, and affect regulation expectancies. Mean, slope, and volatility were calculated for each prequit and postquit EMA variable. Associations among mindfulness, EMA parameters, and abstinence on the quit day and 7 days postquit, as well as indirect effects of mindfulness on abstinence through EMA parameters, were examined. Mindfulness predicted higher odds of abstinence in unadjusted but not covariate-adjusted models. Mindfulness predicted lower NA, higher PA, and lower affective volatility. Lower stress mediated the association between mindfulness and quit-day abstinence. Higher ratings of happy and relaxed, and lower ratings of bored, sad, and angry, mediated the association between mindfulness and postquit abstinence. Mindfulness appeared to weaken the association between craving and postquit abstinence. This study elucidates real-time, real-life mechanisms underlying dispositional mindfulness and smoking abstinence. During the early process of quitting smoking, more mindful individuals appeared to have more favorable emotional profiles, which predicted higher likelihood of achieving abstinence 1 week after the quit date. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).
    • References:
      J Abnorm Psychol. 2000 Feb;109(1):74-86. (PMID: 10740938)
      Alcohol Res Health. 1999;23(3):215-24. (PMID: 10890817)
      J Abnorm Psychol. 2002 Nov;111(4):531-45. (PMID: 12428767)
      J Abnorm Psychol. 2003 Feb;112(1):3-13. (PMID: 12653409)
      J Abnorm Psychol. 2003 Feb;112(1):14-27. (PMID: 12653410)
      J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Apr;84(4):822-48. (PMID: 12703651)
      Addiction. 2004 Jan;99(1):29-38. (PMID: 14678060)
      Psychol Rev. 2004 Jan;111(1):33-51. (PMID: 14756584)
      J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004 Apr;72(2):192-201. (PMID: 15065954)
      Clin Psychol Rev. 2005 Sep;25(6):713-33. (PMID: 16023275)
      J Pers. 2005 Dec;73(6):1715-48. (PMID: 16274451)
      Assessment. 2006 Mar;13(1):27-45. (PMID: 16443717)
      J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006 Apr;74(2):276-85. (PMID: 16649872)
      BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007 Jan 25;7:2. (PMID: 17254362)
      Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Dec 1;91(2-3):159-68. (PMID: 17628353)
      Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007 Aug;15(4):382-9. (PMID: 17696685)
      Nicotine Tob Res. 2008 Mar;10(3):507-17. (PMID: 18324570)
      Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2008;4:1-32. (PMID: 18509902)
      Addict Behav. 2009 Jan;34(1):28-35. (PMID: 18804918)
      Psychol Methods. 2008 Dec;13(4):354-75. (PMID: 19071999)
      Psychol Addict Behav. 2009 Mar;23(1):56-66. (PMID: 19290690)
      Clin Psychol Rev. 2009 Aug;29(6):560-72. (PMID: 19632752)
      Health Psychol. 2009 Sep;28(5):519-26. (PMID: 19751076)
      Subst Abus. 2009 Oct-Dec;30(4):318-27. (PMID: 19904667)
      Subst Abus. 2009 Oct-Dec;30(4):328-37. (PMID: 19904668)
      Hum Psychopharmacol. 2010 Jan;25(1):80-3. (PMID: 19998321)
      Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2009 Feb 1;18(1):16. (PMID: 20157637)
      Clin Psychol Rev. 2010 Nov;30(7):849-64. (PMID: 20363063)
      J Consult Clin Psychol. 2011 Feb;79(1):34-42. (PMID: 21261432)
      J Abnorm Psychol. 2011 Aug;120(3):596-606. (PMID: 21574667)
      Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Dec 1;119(1-2):72-80. (PMID: 21723049)
      Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2013 Jan;8(1):73-84. (PMID: 22114078)
      Emotion. 2012 Feb;12(1):81-90. (PMID: 22148996)
      Addict Behav. 2013 Feb;38(2):1563-71. (PMID: 22534451)
      Psychol Addict Behav. 2013 Jun;27(2):366-79. (PMID: 22642859)
      Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Jun 1;130(1-3):222-9. (PMID: 23265088)
      Nicotine Tob Res. 2013 Jul;15(7):1167-82. (PMID: 23291636)
      BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Sep 03;13:215. (PMID: 24006963)
      Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Apr;49(5):513-24. (PMID: 24611847)
      Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Apr;49(5):571-85. (PMID: 24611852)
      Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Apr;49(5):601-4. (PMID: 24611855)
      Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2014 Aug;22(4):332-40. (PMID: 24796849)
      Behav Res Methods. 2015 Jun;47(2):424-42. (PMID: 24903690)
      Psychol Addict Behav. 2014 Jun;28(2):580-5. (PMID: 24955676)
      J Subst Abuse Treat. 2014 Sep;47(3):213-21. (PMID: 24957302)
      Psychol Addict Behav. 2014 Dec;28(4):1162-76. (PMID: 25134054)
      Mindfulness (N Y). 2015 Apr;6(2):315-325. (PMID: 25848408)
      PLoS One. 2015 Apr 16;10(4):e0124344. (PMID: 25881019)
      Psychol Addict Behav. 2015 Dec;29(4):918-23. (PMID: 25961148)
      Perspect Psychol Sci. 2015 May;10(3):328-45. (PMID: 25987511)
      Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:670724. (PMID: 26137490)
      Behav Modif. 2015 Nov;39(6):870-911. (PMID: 26349756)
      MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Oct 16;64(40):1129-35. (PMID: 26468619)
      Ann Behav Med. 2016 Jun;50(3):337-47. (PMID: 26743533)
      Emotion. 2016 Aug;16(5):706-18. (PMID: 27064290)
      Clin Psychol Rev. 2016 Apr;45:102-14. (PMID: 27111302)
      J Consult Clin Psychol. 2016 Sep;84(9):824-838. (PMID: 27213492)
      Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Jun 01;163 Suppl 1:S13-8. (PMID: 27306725)
      Health Psychol. 2016 Aug;35(8):881-890. (PMID: 27505211)
      Neuroimage. 2017 May 1;151:4-13. (PMID: 27693614)
      MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Jan 06;65(52):1457-1464. (PMID: 28056007)
      J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Apr;75:62-96. (PMID: 28153483)
      Front Psychol. 2017 Mar 06;8:220. (PMID: 28321194)
      Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2017;2017:7018014. (PMID: 28373890)
      J Consult Clin Psychol. 2017 Nov;85(11):1029-1040. (PMID: 28650195)
      Health Psychol. 2017 Nov;36(11):1038-1046. (PMID: 28726478)
      Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Oct 1;179:1-7. (PMID: 28734167)
      J Addict Med. 2018 Jan/Feb;12(1):40-44. (PMID: 28922195)
      Psychol Addict Behav. 2017 Dec;31(8):888-896. (PMID: 29072477)
      J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2018 Mar;79(2):171-181. (PMID: 29553343)
      J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996 Apr;64(2):366-79. (PMID: 8871421)
    • Grant Information:
      P30 CA016672 United States CA NCI NIH HHS; K23 AT008442 United States AT NCCIH NIH HHS; K30 TR000106 United States TR NCATS NIH HHS; United States MD NIMHD NIH HHS; United States TR NCATS NIH HHS; R00 MD010468 United States MD NIMHD NIH HHS; National Institute on Drug Abuse; Huntsman Cancer Foundation; P30 CA042014 United States CA NCI NIH HHS; K23 DA040933 United States DA NIDA NIH HHS; R01 MD010362 United States MD NIMHD NIH HHS; R01 DA014818 United States DA NIDA NIH HHS; United States AT NCCIH NIH HHS
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20190305 Date Completed: 20190715 Latest Revision: 20200605
    • Publication Date:
      20200827
    • Accession Number:
      PMC6483850
    • Accession Number:
      10.1037/adb0000451
    • Accession Number:
      30829517
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SPEARS, C. A. et al. Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 33, n. 3, p. 197–207, 2019. DOI 10.1037/adb0000451. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=30829517. Acesso em: 27 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Spears CA, Li L, Wu C, et al. Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors. 2019;33(3):197-207. doi:10.1037/adb0000451
    • APA:
      Spears, C. A., Li, L., Wu, C., Vinci, C., Heppner, W. L., Hoover, D. S., Lam, C., & Wetter, D. W. (2019). Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 33(3), 197–207. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000451
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Spears, Claire A, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Christine Vinci, Whitney L Heppner, Diana S Hoover, Cho Lam, and David W Wetter. 2019. “Mechanisms Linking Mindfulness and Early Smoking Abstinence: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors 33 (3): 197–207. doi:10.1037/adb0000451.
    • Harvard:
      Spears, C. A. et al. (2019) ‘Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 33(3), pp. 197–207. doi: 10.1037/adb0000451.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Spears, CA, Li, L, Wu, C, Vinci, C, Heppner, WL, Hoover, DS, Lam, C & Wetter, DW 2019, ‘Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 197–207, viewed 27 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Spears, Claire A., et al. “Mechanisms Linking Mindfulness and Early Smoking Abstinence: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 33, no. 3, May 2019, pp. 197–207. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/adb0000451.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Spears, Claire A, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Christine Vinci, Whitney L Heppner, Diana S Hoover, Cho Lam, and David W Wetter. “Mechanisms Linking Mindfulness and Early Smoking Abstinence: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors 33, no. 3 (May 2019): 197–207. doi:10.1037/adb0000451.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Spears CA, Li L, Wu C, Vinci C, Heppner WL, Hoover DS, et al. Mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence: An ecological momentary assessment study. Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2019 May [cited 2020 Sep 27];33(3):197–207. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=30829517