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Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Intrusive thoughts, images, and their appraisal remain difficult to study despite their clinical relevance. Clinical studies typically used time-based (frequency and distress per observation period), while analogue studies mainly used event-based (report upon occurrence) assessment. A comparison of intrusion frequency, distress appraisal, compliance, and reactivity across different assessments is mostly lacking, particularly with regard to analogue research. Here, intrusions were induced via aversive films and assessed by a smart phone application for 4 days. Three sampling modes were compared by randomizing participants to one of three conditions: either one, or five time-based daily prompts, or event-based assessment. At the end of the study, all participants reported intrusions once again in a retrospective summary assessment. Results indicate that intrusions and their distress decayed over a few days. The three assessments did not differ in intrusion frequency, distress appraisal, compliance (generally high), reactivity (generally low), or retrospective summary assessment. Across groups, the more aversive and arousing participants rated the film clips and the more reactivity to the electronic-diary assessment they reported, the more intrusive memories they had; assessment modes did not differ on this. Thus, no general differences were found between electronic-diary assessment modes for analogue intrusions, giving researchers flexibility for tailoring ecological momentary assessment to specific study aims. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Cognitive Therapy & Research is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Full Text Word Count:
      8050
    • ISSN:
      0147-5916
    • Accession Number:
      10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6
    • Accession Number:
      135086278
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RATTEL, J. A. et al. Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study. Cognitive Therapy & Research, [s. l.], v. 43, n. 1, p. 174–184, 2019. DOI 10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=135086278. Acesso em: 29 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rattel JA, Grünberger LM, Reichenberger J, et al. Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study. Cognitive Therapy & Research. 2019;43(1):174-184. doi:10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6
    • APA:
      Rattel, J. A., Grünberger, L. M., Reichenberger, J., Liedlgruber, M., Miedl, S. F., Blechert, J., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2019). Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 43(1), 174–184. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rattel, Julina A., Lisa M. Grünberger, Julia Reichenberger, Michael Liedlgruber, Stephan F. Miedl, Jens Blechert, and Frank H. Wilhelm. 2019. “Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study.” Cognitive Therapy & Research 43 (1): 174–84. doi:10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6.
    • Harvard:
      Rattel, J. A. et al. (2019) ‘Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study’, Cognitive Therapy & Research, 43(1), pp. 174–184. doi: 10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rattel, JA, Grünberger, LM, Reichenberger, J, Liedlgruber, M, Miedl, SF, Blechert, J & Wilhelm, FH 2019, ‘Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study’, Cognitive Therapy & Research, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 174–184, viewed 29 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rattel, Julina A., et al. “Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study.” Cognitive Therapy & Research, vol. 43, no. 1, Feb. 2019, pp. 174–184. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rattel, Julina A., Lisa M. Grünberger, Julia Reichenberger, Michael Liedlgruber, Stephan F. Miedl, Jens Blechert, and Frank H. Wilhelm. “Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study.” Cognitive Therapy & Research 43, no. 1 (February 2019): 174–84. doi:10.1007/s10608-018-9941-6.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rattel JA, Grünberger LM, Reichenberger J, Liedlgruber M, Miedl SF, Blechert J, et al. Frequency of Intrusions and Appraisal of Related Distress After Analogue Trauma: A Comparative Ecological Momentary Assessment Methods Study. Cognitive Therapy & Research [Internet]. 2019 Feb [cited 2020 Sep 29];43(1):174–84. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=135086278